This website is dedicated to Serbian medieval coins study and research, especially King Radoslav coins which are first, rarest and most valuable Serbian medieval coins today. Please use references page for any coin identification and comparison purposes. All comments and any additional material you wish to add is welcome.

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Please check King Stefan Radoslav page we have 4 coins there for sale.

These coins do not come on the market very often. It is remarkable to find 1 on sale but we amazingly have 4 available. There are only 44 King Radoslav coins known to exist in the world. They are extremely rare as this Serbian king only ruled for 5 years in the first part of the 13th century.                                                         

Research page has some files, books, study works and research free to download.                      

                                                         

Following research shows all 44 known King Stefan Radoslav coins from the first two published by Dr Karl Stockert in Vienna in 1914, those published in books by Rastislav Maric 1956, Miroslav Jovanovic 2002 and 2012, Sergije Dimitrijevic 1997 and 2001 and Vujadin Ivanisevic 2001, study works by Museums in Belgrade, Nis, Sabac and Krusevac to the latest ones sold online and from private collections between 2012 and 2019. So over 100 years of publishing history.


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Among the above only known 44 King Stefan Radoslav coins we can differentiate 6 types:

  1. 26 “double cross with Constantine” type where all coins seem to be made of copper using at least 2 different dies.
  2. 5 “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type with no high throne in the background. 
  3. 1 “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type with reverse just like type 2 with the same attire but obverse has the high throne in the background like type 1. 
  4. 1 “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type but unlike type 2 king wears different attire and its only coin where king holds its own scepter, a ceremonial staff or small banner.
  5. 9 “Jesus blessing the king” type made of copper.
  6. and only 2 “Jesus blessing the king” type like type 5 but coins are made of silver.

We can identify 2 different royal attires. First one is more common and found on most of copper and both known silver coins. King and Constantine wear a 5 dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle. Second one is much more rare attire and its only found on type 2 where on coins number 8, 16, 27, 30 and 34 king has a 6 dot belt and a long robe with a twin parallel dotted lines in the middle.

All coins are found either in Novi Pazar, Raš area , Pomorie a town and seaside resort in southeastern Bulgaria, situated in Burgas Province, 20 km away from the city of Burgas in 2009 and around Skadar Lake area most recently. 


Novi Pazar

Stari Raš

Pomorie

Skadar Lake


What does analysis of these coins show?

Type 1. In his short history King Stefan Radoslav issued 26 so far known copper “double cross with Constantine” type coins with Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ on the left, Greek letter Theta Θ and KONCTANTH on the right side on the reverse. King is wearing a 5 dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle and Constantine is also wearing a 5 dot belt and a long robe but with a twin parallel dotted lines in the middle.  Jesus seating on the high throne with Latin legend IC XC above on the obverse. (Coins number: 1-7, 15, 17-26, 29-32, 35, 36, 43 and 44). 

Type 2. 5 copper “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type coins with Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ on the left side, Greek initials MP (mother) in the middle and ΘV (of god) on the right side on the reverse. King is holding a globe wearing a 6 dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle and Mary is wearing a long robe. Jesus enlarged sitting with Latin legend IC XC above but no visible throne in the background on the obverse. (Coins number: 8, 16, 27, 30 and 34).

Type 3. As a only exception here, and this is up to now, only known copper “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type coin like type 2 where reverse has Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ on the left side, Greek initials MP (mother) in the middle and ΘV (of god) on the right side but King is wearing a 5 (not 6) dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle with Mary wearing a long robe. This is also only known coin where king is holding a globe and a sceptre or a ceremonial staff on its own. Obverse is like “double cross” type 1 coins with Jesus, smaller in size, seating on the high throne in the background and Latin legend IC XC above. There is not a single known coin where king is holding globe and a sceptre and with Jesus on the high throne which up to now was exclusively found on “double cross with Constantine” type 1 coins. This is unpublished and only known variant of all known King Stefan Radoslav coins. (Coin number: 33).

Type 4. This copper type is just like type 3 with “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type coins with Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ on the left side, Greek initials MP (mother) in the middle and ΘV (of god) on the right side on the reverse. Jesus enlarged sitting with Latin legend IC XC above but no visible throne in the background on the obverse just like type 2. The only difference is that King is holding globe but wears a different attire. King is wearing a 5 (not 6 – type 2) dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle with Mary wearing a long robe. Like type 3 this is also only known example of its kind. (Coin number 9)

   

Type 5. 9 “Jesus blessing the king” type copper coins where number 11 has Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ, Greek letter Theta Θ and ДUKAC signature on the left, IC in the middle and XC and OПANTOKPATOP on the right with the exception of the coin number 10 and 14, having ДUKA signature without C and all have isolated P on the reverse. King is holding a globe and wearing a 5 dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle and Jesus is wearing just a long robe. Winged Archangel Michael holding sword and scrolls with Greek initials: ΜΗ(ΧΑΗΛ) ΑΡ(ΧΑΓΕΛΟΣ) to the sides standing for "Michael Archangel" which is Jesus name and the title in his pre-human existence, on the obverse.  (Coins number: 10, 11, 14, 28 and 37-41).

Type 6. Finally 2 “Jesus blessing the king” type silver coins with Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ, Greek letter Theta Θ and ДUKAC signature on the left, IC in the middle and XC and OПANTOKPATOP on the right. King is king holding globe and wearing a 5 dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle and Jesus is holding book of gospels and wearing just a long robe. Winged Archangel Michael holding sword and scrolls with Greek initials: ΜΗ(ΧΑΗΛ) ΑΡ(ΧΑΓΕΛΟΣ) to the sides standing for "Michael Archangel" which is Jesus name and the title in his pre-human existence on the obverse.  These are only 2 known silver coins in existence. (Coins number: 12 and 13).

 

It is also interesting to note similarities between copper coin number 11, 37 and 38 and silver coins number 12 and 13. All 5 have Greek legend CTEФANOC PIZ Θ ДUKAC signature on the left, IC in the middle and XC OПANTOKPATOP on the right on the reverse. King is holding a globe and wearing a 5 dot belt and a long robe with a single dotted line in the middle and Jesus is holding book of gospels and wearing just a long robe. Winged Archangel Michael holding sword and scrolls with Greek initials: ΜΗ(ΧΑΗΛ) ΑΡ(ΧΑΓΕΛΟΣ) to the sides standing for "Michael Archangel" on the obverse. These are only 5 examples in existence with preserved obverse featuring winged Archangel.

 


King Stefan Radoslav (1228-1233) choice was to model his coins according to Byzantine coins as his was under a strong Greek influence. His maternal grandparents were the Byzantine Emperor Alexios III Angelos (1195–1203) and Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamaterina, his father in law was Byzantine Emperor Theodore Komnenos Doukas (1215–1230) and his uncle was Byzantine Emperor Manuel Komnenos Doukas (1230-1237). Sadly it looks like it was these connections and his adherence to Greek culture that has cost him the throne only 5 years later at 1233 at the young age of 41.

  1. Coin no1 is kept in The Archaeological Museum in Split and is a first published King Radoslav coin by Dr Karl Stockert in Vienna in 1914, its 31mm, 3.29g. Same coin 2nd picture appears in Miroslav Jovanovic book Serbien Medieval Coins published in Belgrade in 2002 as a 4th coin listed on page 13 but claims that coin is 30mm and 3.26g. In his other book “Srpski Srednjovekovni Novac” 2012 is listed as a 4th coin on page 8 and in the book by Sergije Dimitrijević “Katalog Srpskog Srednjovekovnog Novca”  2001 under type 1 page 1.
  2. Coin no2 is coin published by Rastislav Maric in the book "Studies of Serbian Numismatics" in Belgrade in 1956. Mentioned by Dr Karl Stockert in Vienna in 1914 as being 29mm and 4.7g.  
  3. Coin no3 was sold on eBay in 2014 for around £650. 
  4. Coin no4 was published by Vujadin Ivanisevic in his book "Money of the Medieval Serbia" in Belgrade in 2001 listed in the book as 4th King Radoslav coin. Found in the area of the Fortress of Ras.
  5. Coin no5 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1974-75. Published by Sergije Dimitrijevic in his book "Medieval Serbian Coins" in Belgrade in 1997 page 19 and by Vujadin Ivanisevic in his study work called "Novac Kralja Radoslava King Radoslavs Coinage" 1998.
  6. Coin no6 was sold on cngcoins.com auction website for $2700 plus buyers auction fee which is normally 20%, its 32mm, 3g. It came back on sale November 2018 with auction ending January 2019 on the same website. It has sold again for $3250 plus 20% auction fee which is $650 ending with a $3900 price tag.
  7. Coin no7 was sold on www.rudnik.com website for $1125, its 2.93g. 
  8. Coin no8 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1976 and published by both Vujadin Ivanisevic in his book "Money of the Medieval Serbia", Belgrade, 2001 listed in the book as 3rd King Radoslav coin and Sergije Dimitrijevic in his book "Medieval Serbian Coins", Belgrade, 1997 page 18. Found in the area of the Fortress of Ras.
  9. Coin no9 is from a private collection of Lj. Nedeljković in his work page 31-39 and was published by Miroslav Jovanovic in his book "Serbien Medieval Coins" published in Belgrade in 2002 as 3rd coin listed on the page 13 and by "Catalogue of the Byzantine coins in the Dumbarton Oaks" Volume 4 Part 2 Plate XLVII.
  10. Coin no10 was published by Vujadin Ivanisevic in his book "Money of the Medieval Serbia", Belgrade, 2001 listed in the book as 2nd King Radoslav coin. Also identified by Marko Popovic in the publication "The Fortress of Ras" 1999. Found in the area of the Fortress of Ras
  11. Coin no11 is kept in National Museum of Serbia Belgrade. Published by Rastislav Maric in the book "Studies of Serbian Numismatics" in Belgrade in 1956. This is a coin used on mobile phone card Telekom Serbia. 28mm, 2.67g. 
  12. Coin no12 is kept in National Museum of Serbia Belgrade. Published by both Miroslav Jovanovic books "Serbien Medieval Coins" published in Belgrade in 2002 as 1st coin listed on page 12 and and “Srpski Srednjovekovni Novac” 2012 also as a 1st coin on page 6, in the book by Sergije Dimitrijević “Katalog Srpskog Srednjovekovnog Novca” 2001 under type  3 page 2 and by Vujadin Ivanisevic in his book "Money of the Medieval Serbia", Belgrade, 2001 listed in the book as 1st King Radoslav coin as well as on National Serbian Museum website in Belgrade www.narodnimuzej.rs. 29mm, 2.55g. 
  13. Coin no13 was sold on www.limundo.com auction website in 2015, 26mm, 4.7g. Its currently owned by us and its available for sale at King Stefan Radoslav page. Found in Novi Pazar area.
  14. Coin no14 was published by Miroslav Jovanovic in his books "Serbien Medieval Coins" published in Belgrade in 2002 as 2nd coin listed on the page 12 and “Srpski Srednjovekovni Novac” 2012 as a 2nd coin on page 7and it’s on www.muzejras.org website without obverse. 31mm, 4.02g
  15. Coin no15 was sold on Numismatik and Naumann auction website in 2017 for 2400 euros. 29mm, 3.22g. 
  16. Coin no16 was found in Raska area and sold in Vienna in 1996 for 10000 schillings which at the time of introduction to euro currency was around 725 euros. Second picture is original condition that coin was found in.
  17. Coin no17 was sold on Stacks and Bowers auction website in 2009, 3.88g, 31mm. 
  18. Coin no18 was sold to private collection, 2.73g, 29mm. 
  19. Coin no19 was sold to private collection, 2.62g, 30mm. 
  20. Coin no20 was bought for 1100 euros from private collection in 2018. 
  21. Coin no21 is currently owned by us and its available for sale at King Stefan Radoslav page. 
  22. Coin no22 was sold to private collection in 2018. 
  23. Coin no23 was sold to private collection in 2018. 
  24. Coin no24 is currently owned by us and its available for sale at King Stefan Radoslav page. 
  25. Coin no25 was also sold to private collection. 
  26. Coin no26 was also sold to private collection Jan 2019 for 1400 euros. 
  27. Coin no27 was identified by Vujadin Ivanisevic in the publication "The Collection of Works by Byzantine Institute" 1998.
  28. Coin no28 was also identified by Marko Popovic in the publication "The Fortress of Ras" 1999. Found in the area of the Fortress of Ras.
  29. Coin no29 was also sold to private collection.
  30. Coin no30 is kept in The State Hermitage Museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia number 151. Published by Sergije Dimitrijevic in his book "Katalog of the Serbian Medieval Coins" 2001 page 1 listed in the book as 2nd coin and by "Catalogue of the Byzantine coins in the Dumbarton Oaks" Volume 4 Part 2 Plate XLVII.
  31. Coin no31 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1974-75. Published by Ph. Grierson from his collection number 6, by M. Handy in "Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261", D. O. "Center for Byzantine Studies" 1961 page 297-298 T. 47 1in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type III coin number 6 and in Numizmatički Časopis Dinar Broj 1 1996 page 8.
  32. Coin no32 is published by The Barber Institute of Fine Arts Birmingham in Coins Catalog 2007 page 36 and also mentioned in Numizmatički Časopis Dinar Broj 28 2007 page 22.
  33. Coin no33 is the only known copper “Jesus blessing the king” type coin with the high throne currently owned by us and its available for sale at King Stefan Radoslav page. 
  34. Coin no34 was published by Miroslav Jovanovic in his book "Serbian Medieval Coins" published in Belgrade in 2012 as 3rd coin listed on the page 7. 
  35. Coin no35 was seen on eBay coming from a private collection. It is possible that coins 20-26, 29 and this one number 35 are coming from so called Skadar lot found around Skadar Lake area.
  36. Coin no36 is kept in Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge England and its being published in "Catalogue of the Byzantine coins in the Dumbarton Oaks" Volume 4 Part 2 Plate XLVII.
  37. Coins no37 is kept in The State Hermitage Museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia, the second-largest art museum in the world, number 150 published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type Ia coin number 3.
  38. Coin no38 is from a private collection of Lj. Nedeljković in his work page 31-39 and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type Ib coin number 1.
  39. Coin no39 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1976 and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type Ic coin number 3.
  40. Coin no40 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1976 and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type Ic coin number 4.
  41. Coin no41 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1976 and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type Ic coin number 5.
  42. Coin no42 is kept in The Archaeological Museum in Zagreb number 1061 and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type III coin number 3.
  43. Coin no43 is kept in The Kunsthistorisches Museum of art in Vienna, Austria and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type III coin number 2.
  44. Coin no44 was found during the archaeological excavations in Ras in 1974-75 and published in Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society as a type III coin number 5.

Numizmatičar number 8 issued in 1985 by Serbian Numismatic Society has an article by Dobrila Gaj-Popović "Novac i Kovnica Kralja Radoslava" that has listed 31 King Stefan Radoslav coin as found in Novi Pazar and Stari Raš area. 10 of those coins listed (coins no 1, 5, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 28, 30 and 31) we have already identified and are listed above as there were published in various books and study works over the years. 12 are found in really bad, thin or broken condition and are pictured in reverse only. 9 are added to the list and numbered 37 - 44. Out of all 31 found 22 are copper “Jesus blessing the king” type 5 but as we have stated sadly 12 of those, as shown below, are in a really poor condition. 3 are “Mary mother of Jesus blessing the king” type 2 and 6 “double cross with Constantine” type 1.


 

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