King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443), silver "helmet" grosh, 24mm, 1.40g.

Obverse: Crowned helmet over coat of arms shield (with crowned T inside), Latin legend DNSTVARTC OREX BOSNE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, stars at the top above the crown, sigla R-T on the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff, Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENVS, lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16)

Comment: Son of Stefan Tvrtko I ruled twice as king during the Stefan Lazarevic and Djuradj Brankovic rule. Very rare coin of medieval Bosnia with lovely detail and patina.

The identity of his mother, and thus the legitimacy of his birth, is disputed. The uncertainty also stems from the complex religious situation in medieval Bosnia, where it was often hard to discern between legitimate and illegitimate offspring. The 16th-century Ragusan historian Mavro Orbini, writing of Tuartco Scuro (Tvrtko the Plain), claimed that he was born to Tvrtko I concubine, a Bosnian noblewoman named Vukosava and this view was taken for granted by subsequent writers.

Reference: #TRII02

Not For Sale

Value: £350-£400

 
 

King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443), silver "helmet" grosh, 24mm, 1.66g.

Obverse: Crowned helmet over coat of arms shield (with crowned T inside), Latin legend DNSTVARTCO REX BOSNE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, stars at the top above the crown, sigla R-T on the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff, Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENVS, lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16)

Comment: A bit more wear then example above but still plenty visible detail. Small edge crack.

Stephen Tvrtko II was married during his first reign; his wife was mentioned by the Ragusans in 1409 as "the Queen, wife of King Tvrtko of Bosnia", but her name was not recorded. During his second reign, Tvrtko eventually married the Hungarian noblewoman Dorothy Garai. The wedding was held in Milodraž between 23rd and 31st July 1428, and the marriage lasted until her death in September 1438. The sources do not mention that the couple had any children, but archaeological excavations in the royal chapel in Bobovac during the second half of the 20th century confirmed the existence of a child's tomb located between the tombs of the royal couple, indicating that they might have had a child who died in infancy or early childhood.


Order info: #TRII03

For Sale. Price: £250.00

 
 


King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443), silver "helmet" grosh, 17mm.

Obverse: Crowned helmet over coat of arms shield (with crowned T inside), Latin legend: . ONI TRE G . BOSNE . (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff and visible hair, shorten Latin legend: S GREGORIN AZAZE.

Reference: J 58-2.2, Jov 60-2, LJ (XVI-17), R (1040), D 410-5.

Comment: Extremely rare type with little wear and very visible and clear detail and legend. Lovely natural dark brown patina. Only 2 registered examples but both with letter S in the same line as the rest of the legend. This is only know example with letter S sticking out.

In 1424 Tvrtko's position was briefly threatened by a relative named Vuk Banić, interpreted either as a grandson (through a daughter called Grubača) or as another illegitimate son of Tvrtko I. Another contender, from 1433 until 1435, was Ostoja's illegitimate son, Radivoj, who enjoyed the support of the Ottoman Empire. Despite these claimants, Tvrtko II considerably restored the royal dignity and strengthened Bosnian economy. In 1427 he settled the succession on the Hungarian nobleman Hermann II of Celje, son of Hermann I and Catherine of Bosnia, and the following year married the Hungarian noblewoman Dorothy Garai. Having reigned as king longer than any other Kotromanić, the widowed Tvrtko II died childless in 1443. He had outlived Hermann, whose son Frederick had no support in Bosnia; Tvrtko himself appears to have favored Ostoja's younger illegitimate son, Thomas, as his heir.

Reference: #TRII04

Not For Sale

Value: £650-£800

 
 


King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443), silver "helmet" grosh, 25mm.

Obverse: Crowned helmet over coat of arms shield (with crowned T inside), Latin legend: DNSTVARTCOR EX BOSNE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, dots at the top above the crown, sigla R - T on the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff and visible hair, Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENUS, lily on the right.

Reference: J 58-1, Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16), R (879), D 411-5.

Comment: Very rare type with little wear and very visible and clear detail and legend. Lovely natural brown/yellow patina. Kings head and crown are much larger then 2 examples above, #TRII02 and #TRII03.

The election of Thomas (1443–1461) to the Bosnian throne was not accepted by Stefan Vukčić Kosača, the magnate who supported Radivoj. The conflict was resolved in 1446 by the marriage of Thomas, recently separated from a commoner named Vojača and Kosača's daughter Catherine while Radivoj received an appanage and married the Hungarian noblewoman Catherine the Great. In addition to Stefan Tomašević, a son from his first marriage, Thomas had two more children by his second wife, Sigismund and Catherine. His reign saw an increase in hostilities with the neighboring Despotate of Serbia and with the Ottomans. The former ended in 1459 when Thomas arranged the marriage of his elder son, Stefan, with Helen, eldest daughter of the recently deceased Serbian despot Lazar. Stefan thus became the new Despot of Serbia. His reign in Serbia lasted two months, ending when the despotate was conquered by the Ottomans.

Stefan (1461–1463) became King of Bosnia upon his fathers death in 1461. His reign in Bosnia too was cut short by an Ottoman invasion in the spring of 1463. The Kotromanić family dispersed, attempting to escape capture by fleeing in different directions. Stefan was captured, however, as was Radivoj and Radivoj's adolescent son Tvrtko. All three were decapitated in the presence of Mehmed the Conqueror at the end of May. The widows of King Thomas, King Stefan and Radivoj escaped, but Stefan's siblings were taken prisoners. Another son of Radivoj, Matthias, functioned as the Ottoman puppet-king of Bosnia (with authority over only the valley of the Lašva) from 1465 until 1471. Sigismund, son of King Thomas, became an Ottoman statesman and sanjak-bey under the name Ishak Bey Kraloğlu. He is last mentioned in 1492.

Reference: #TRII05

Not For Sale

Value: £400-£450

 
 


King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443), silver "helmet" grosh, 2.1g

Obverse: Crowned helmet over coat of arms shield (with crowned T inside), Latin legend: ON S TARTCO REX BOSNE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, dots at the top, sigla T - O on the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff, S GREGORIUS NASENURUS, lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16).

Comment: Very prominent but slightly different legend from examples above with no circular line around helmet. Possible contemporary counterfeit. 


Order info: #TRII01, £75.00 (SOLD)

 
 

 

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