King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443)

Silver "helmet" type. 17mm, 1.8g.

Obverse: Crowned and decorated helmet with the coat of arms shield (featuring crowned initial T for Tvrtko on it). Latin legend: . GNI TRE G . BOSNE . (GOSPODIN TVRTKO GOSPODAR BOSNE) (SIR TVRTKO RULER OF BOSNIA) around. 2 dots on the helmet.

Reverse: Saint Gregory standing, wearing short hair and nimbate, holding long staff and a book of gospels. Latin legend: S GREGOR ZAZE (SAINT GREGORY NAZIANZUS) around.

Reference: J 58-2.2, Jov 60-2, LJ (XVI-17), R (1040), D 410-5.

Comment: Extremely rare type with little wear and very visible and clear detail and legend. Lovely natural dark brown patina. Only 2 registered examples but both with letter S in the same line as the rest of the legend. This is only know example with letter S sticking out. 2 types of letter G are used, O with a comma and spiral letter that resemble δ (Greek delta).

Gregory of Nazianzus (Greek: Γρηγόριος ὁ Ναζιανζηνός, Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos 329 – 25 January 390), also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople. He was saint patron of medieval Bosnia before the Catholic conquest when he was replaced by Saint Gregory the Great. Gregory had Greek parents in the family estate of Karbala outside the village of Arianzus, near Nazianzus, in southwest Cappadocia. Nazianzus or Nazianzos (Ancient Greek: Ναζιανζός), also known as Nandianulus, was a small town of ancient Cappadocia, and in the late Roman province of Cappadocia Tertia, located 24 Roman miles to the southeast of Archelais. In the Jerusalem Itinerary it is miswritten as Nathiangus.

ZAZE on the coin its simply short for small town Nazianzus.

Reference: #TRII04

Not For Sale

Estimated Value: £900-£1000

 

Kotromanic Coat of Arms


King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443)

Silver "helmet" type. 25mm, 1.9g.

Obverse: Crowned and decorated helmet with the coat of arms shield (featuring crowned initial T for Tvrtko on it). Latin legend: GNS TVARTCO.R EX BOSNE (SIR TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, dots at the top above the crown, sigla R - T to the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff and visible hair, Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENUS (SAINT GREGORY NAZIANZUS) around. Lily on the right.

Reference: J 58-1, Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16), R (879), D 411-5.

Comment: Son of Stefan Tvrtko I ruled twice as king during the Stefan Lazarevic and Djuradj Brankovic rule.

Very rare type with little wear and very visible and clear detail and legend. Lovely natural brown/yellow patina. Kings head and crown are much larger then 2 examples below, #TRII02 and #TRII03.

The identity of his mother, and thus the legitimacy of his birth, is disputed. The uncertainty also stems from the complex religious situation in medieval Bosnia, where it was often hard to discern between legitimate and illegitimate offspring. The 16th-century Ragusan historian Mavro Orbini, writing of Tuartco Scuro (Tvrtko the Plain), claimed that he was born to Tvrtko I concubine, a Bosnian noblewoman named Vukosava.


Reference: #TRII05

Not For Sale

Estimated Value: £500-£600

 
 

King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443)

Silver "helmet" type. 24mm, 1.4g.

Obverse: Crowned and decorated helmet with the coat of arms shield (featuring crowned initial T for Tvrtko on it). Latin legend GNS TVARTC O REX BOSNE (SIR TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, 2 stars at the top above the crown, sigla R-T to the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff. Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENVS (SAINT GREGORY NAZIANZUS) around. Lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16).

Comment: Very rare coin of medieval Bosnia with lovely detail and patina.

In 1424 Tvrtko's position was briefly threatened by a relative named Vuk Banić, interpreted either as a grandson (through a daughter called Grubača) or as another illegitimate son of Tvrtko I. Another contender, from 1433 until 1435, was Ostoja's illegitimate son, Radivoj, who enjoyed the support of the Ottoman Empire. Despite these claimants, Tvrtko II considerably restored the royal dignity and strengthened Bosnian economy. In 1427 he settled the succession on the Hungarian nobleman Hermann II of Celje, son of Hermann I and Catherine of Bosnia, and the following year married the Hungarian noblewoman Dorothy Garai. Having reigned as king longer than any other Kotromanić, the widowed Tvrtko II died childless in 1443. He had outlived Hermann, whose son Frederick had no support in Bosnia; Tvrtko himself appears to have favored Ostoja's younger illegitimate son, Thomas, as his heir.

Reference: #TRII02

Not For Sale

Estimated Value: £300-£400

 
 

Crown, helmet, head and coin size comparison of the above 3 examples:


King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443)

Silver "helmet" type. 23mm, 1.93g.

Obverse: Crowned and decorated helmet with the coat of arms shield (featuring crowned initial T for Tvrtko on it). Latin legend DNS TVARTC O REX BOSNE (SIR TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, 2 stars at the top above the crown, sigla R-T to the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff. Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENVS (SAINT GREGORY NAZIANZUS) around. Lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16).

Comment: Very nice example similar to one above with 2 stars above helmet. S on the right side at DNS and on the left side at BOSNE is upside down. Beautiful decorative T sigla on the right side.

Reference: #TRII06

Not For Sale

Estimated Value: £300-£400

 

King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443)

Silver "helmet" type. 24mm, 1.66g.

Obverse: Crowned and decorated helmet with the coat of arms shield (featuring crowned initial T for Tvrtko on it). Latin legend GNS TVARTCO REX BOSNE (SIR TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, stars at the top above the crown, sigla R-T to the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff, Latin legend: S GREGORIVS NAZAZENVS (SAINT GREGORY NAZIANZUS) around. Lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16).

Comment: A bit more wear then example above but still plenty visible detail. Small edge crack.

Stephen Tvrtko II was married during his first reign; his wife was mentioned by the Ragusans in 1409 as "the Queen, wife of King Tvrtko of Bosnia", but her name was not recorded. During his second reign, Tvrtko eventually married the Hungarian noblewoman Dorothy Garai. The wedding was held in Milodraž between 23rd and 31st July 1428, and the marriage lasted until her death in September 1438. The sources do not mention that the couple had any children, but archaeological excavations in the royal chapel in Bobovac during the second half of the 20th century confirmed the existence of a child's tomb located between the tombs of the royal couple, indicating that they might have had a child who died in infancy or early childhood.


Reference: #TRII03

Not For Sale

Estimated Value: £200-£300

 
 


King Stefan Tvrtko II Kotromanic (King of Bosnia 1404-1409 and 1421-1443)

Silver "helmet" type. 2.1g.

Obverse: Crowned and decorated helmet with the coat of arms shield (featuring crowned initial T for Tvrtko on it). Latin legend: ONS TARTCO REX BOSNE (SIR TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA) around, dots at the top, sigla T - O to the sides.

Reverse: St. Gregory standing nimbate with long staff, S GREGORIUS NASENURUS (SAINT GREGORY NAZIANZUS) around. Lily on the right.

Reference: Ren type II-3, No. 976-1034; J 242, Jov 60-1, LJ (XVI-16).

Comment: Very prominent but slightly different legend from examples above with no circular line around helmet. Possible contemporary counterfeit. 


Order info: #TRII01. (SOLD)

 
 

 

Copyright © 2020