Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), silver dinar, 1g

Obverse: Lazar facing in loros, crown and with cruciform scepter, standing before throne (or on dais), Serbian legend KHE3b ΛA3Pb ("Prince Lazar") around

Reverse: Christ enthroned, holding Book of Gospels

Reference: Jov 32-5, LJ (XI-14), I (24.5)

Comment: A very scarce type in excellent detail issued during Lazars reign. Lazar was born in 1329, Duke of all lands of the Serbs 1371-1389. Ruled for 18 years. He died at the famous Battle of Kosovo in 1389 at 60 years of age. Lazar fielded his army taking the center field and flanked by troops from his allies Vuk Brankovic and Bosnian King Tvrtko. Although analyses of contemporaneous sources indicate the outcome was more of a draw - both leaders were dead, and their armies withdrew amid heavy casualties. Today his remains are kept in the Ravanica Monastery.


Order info: #LAZ01, £110

 


Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), silver dinar, 1g

Obverse: Crowned Lazar enthroned in imperial regalia, Serbian Cyrillic legend KNE3b ΛA3Pb ("Prince Lazar")

Reverse: Christ enthroned, holding Book of Gospels, initials IC XC, sigla - / G

Reference: J 145, Jov 32-4.1, LJ (XI-13), I (24.4)

Comment: As its Serbian legend around this is certainly coin minted during Lazar reign as all the coins minted while he was alive had Serbian Cyrillic legend.


Order info: #LAZ02, £100

 



Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), silver dinar, 1.3g

Obverse: Lazar enthroned in imperial regalia, Cyrillic legend around KNE-3b ΛA-3Pb ("Prince Lazar")

Reverse: Christ enthroned, holding Book of Gospels, initials IC XC, sigla * - G

Reference: J 144, Jov 32-3, LJ (XI-11), I (24.3)

Comment: It is uncertain since when Lazar had borne the title of knez, which is usually translated as "prince". The earliest source that testifies to Lazar's new title is a Ragusan document in Latin, dated 22 April 1371, in which he is referred to as Comes Lazarus. Ragusans used comes as a Latin translation of the Slavic title knez. The same document relates that Lazar held Rudnik at that time. In medieval Serbia, knez was not a precisely defined term, and the title had no fixed rank in the feudal hierarchy. Its rank was high in the 12th century, but somewhat lower in the 13th century and the first half of the 14th century. During the reign of Tsar Uroš, when the central authority declined, the high prestige of the title of knez was restored. 


Order info: #LAZ03, £145

 



Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), silver dinar, 0.9g

Obverse: Lazar facing, in loros and with cruciform scepter, Serbian legend KNE3bI ΛA3PbI ("Prince Lazar") around

Reverse: Christ on low-back throne, holding Book of Gospels, right hand outstretched, initials IC XC, sigla 

Reference: Jov 32-7, LJ (XI-15), I (24.6)

Comment: In charters issued between 1379 and 1388, he named himself as Stefan Lazar. "Stefan" was the name borne by all Nemanjić rulers, leading the name to be regarded as a title of Serbian rulers. Tvrtko added "Stefan" to his name when he was crowned king of the Serbs and Bosnia. In the charters, Lazar referred to himself as the autocrator (samodržac in Serbian) of "All Serbian Lands", or the autocrator of "All the Serbs". Autocrator, "self-ruler" in Greek, was an epithet of the Byzantine emperors. The Nemanjić kings adopted it and applied it to themselves in its literal meaning to stress their independence from Byzantium, whose supreme suzerainty they nominally recognized.


Order info: #LAZ04, £85

 


Prince or Duke Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), Silver coin minted after 1389, 0.6g

Obverse: Bare-headed Prince standing facing, with criciform scepter, Italian legend CONTE L ASAR ("Prince Lazar") 

Reverse: Christ seating, facing and holding Gospels IC XC

Reference: J 151, Jov 32-11, LJ (XI-17), I (24.8)

Comment: Rare example, his son Stefan Lazarevic have later minted coins similar to this. All coins with Italian legend were minted after Lazar death in the first years after Battle of Kosovo in 1389. Reason for this was control held by the merchants of Dubrovnik and their decision to use language that they used for business.  

 

Order info: #LAZ05, £85

 



Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-89), silver dinar of Novo Brdo, minted after 1389, 1g

Obverse: Prince standing facing, with criciform scepter, in loros and crown, Italian legend CONTE LASARO ("Prince Lazar") around [part. blurred]

Reverse: Christ in glory, blessing, blundered NOVOMONTE ARGEN ("silver of Novo Brdo"), stars to sides

Reference: J 154, Jov 32-13

Comment: Lazar's son and successor, Stefan Lazarević, was granted the title of despot by the Byzantine Emperor, and he ceased to be an Ottoman vassal in 1402. At least during his reign, Prince Lazar was probably venerated throughout Moravian Serbia, as well as in two monasteries on Mount Athos, the Serbian Hilandar and the Russian St Panteleimon, in which the prince had funded some construction works. During Despot Stefan's reign, only one image of Lazar is known to have been painted. It is in a fresco in the Ljubostinja Monastery, built around 1405 by Princess Milica. Lazar is represented there with regal attributes. His next image would not appear until 1594, when it was painted among images of numerous other personages in the Orahovica Monastery in Slavonia.


Order info: #LAZ06, £65

 


Prince or Duke Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), Silver Novo Brdo coin minted after 1389, 0.7g

Obverse: Prince standing facing, with criciform scepter, in loros and crown, Italian legend CONTE LASARO ("Prince Lazar") around

Reverse: Christ in glory, blessing, blundered legend NOVOMONTE ARGEN ("silver of Novo Brdo"), stars and plants as control marks

Reference: J 154, Jov 32-13

Comment: Another example of post 1389 series. Lazar's widow, Milica, who ruled as regent for their adolescent son Stefan Lazarević, Lazar's successor, accepted Ottoman suzerainty in the summer of 1390 as she had no means of fighting back and it was only way of ensuring survival of her family. 

 

Order info: #LAZ07, £55

 


Prince or Duke Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), Silver Novo Brdo coin minted after 1389, 1g

Obverse: Prince standing facing, with criciform scepter, in loros and crown, Italian legend CONTE LASARO ("Prince Lazar") around

Reverse: Christ in glory, blessing, blundered legend NOVOMONTE ARGEN ("silver of Novo Brdo"), stars and plants as control marks

Reference: J 154, Jov 32-13

Comment: Another example of post 1389 series. 


Order info: #LAZ08, £55

 


Prince or Duke Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389), Silver coin minted after 1389, 0.4g

Obverse: Prince standing facing, holding banner with saint in profile, unclear legend around

Reverse: Christ in glory, blessing, unclear legend around

Reference: Jov 32-3, I (25.2)

Comment: As the Ottoman threat increased and the support for Sigismund grew in Hungary, Lazar made peace with Sigismund, who was crowned Hungarian king in March 1387. The peace was sealed, probably in 1387, with the marriage of Lazar's daughter Teodora to Nicholas II Garay, a powerful Hungarian noble who supported Sigismund. Around the same year, Lazar's daughter Jelena married Djuradj Stracimirović Balšić. About a year before, Lazar's daughter Dragana married Alexander, the son of Ivan Shishman, Tsar of Bulgaria. 

Irregular coinage, contemporary forgery of the coins of Venice.

 

Order info: #LAZ09, £45

 

 

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