Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "eagle" dinar.

Obverse: Double-headed eagle with wide spread wings, standing, no legend.

Reverse: Christ with a granulated nimbus is depicted standing in mandorla holding Book of the Gospels in his left hand. Large distorted initials C X ("Jesus Christ") in the middle to the sides.

Reference: Jov. 41-25, I (42.18).

Comment: Excellent condition for this type as they are usually found in very bad state. Double struck dots around on the obverse. Very rare type, only 26 registered examples with a rare and early depiction of the Serbian royal and later state symbol, the double-headed eagle.

The double-headed eagle was adopted in medieval Serbia from Etruscan Culture. The Etruscan civilization flourished in central Italy between the 8th and 3rd century BCE. The culture was renowned in antiquity for its rich mineral resources and as a major Mediterranean trading power. Much of its culture and even history was either obliterated or assimilated into that of its conqueror, Rome.

The common misconception is that it was adopted from late Byzantine influence, however it has been disproved by credited historians.

Reference: #STL019

Not For Sale

Price: £350-£400

 
 

Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "eagle" dinar.

Obverse: Double-headed eagle with wide spread wings, standing, no legend. 5 dots around.

Reverse: Christ with a granulated nimbus is depicted standing in mandorla holding book of the gospels in his left hand. Large distorted initials C X ("Jesus Christ") in the middle to the sides.

Reference: Jov. 41-25, I (42.18)

Comment: Very good condition of a very rare type, only 26 registered examples. Double-headed eagle originated from the medieval Nemanjić dynasty. 

The oldest preserved Nemanjić dynasty double-headed eagle in historical sources is depicted on the ktetor portrait of Miroslav of Hum in the Church of St. Peter and Paul in Bijelo Polje, dating to 1190. It had the following characteristics: one neck and two heads, collars on the neck and tail, spread wings, a tail in the shape of fleur-de-lis, heads higher than wings, feet have three toes, the eagle is within a circle. This type of Nemanjić eagle developed between the 12th and 15th centuries.


Order info: #STL020

For Sale. Price: £300.00

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "eagle" dinar.

Obverse: Double-headed eagle with wide spread wings, standing, no legend. 2 dots to the sides.

Reverse: Christ with a granulated nimbus is depicted standing in mandorla holding book of the gospels in his left hand. Large distorted initials C X ("Jesus Christ") in the middle to the sides.

Reference: Jov. 41-25, I (42.18)

Comment: Good condition for this very rare type. Double struck dots around on the obverse, only 26 registered examples. 

The Nemanjić double-headed eagle was depicted on the details of ornaments and textile in the Žiča monastery (1207–1220), in the Church of Our Lady of Ljeviš (1307–1310), the decoration of Jovan Oliver's clothing (1349), detail on textile from Veluće Monastery (14th), a detail in the Resava Monastery (1402–1427), on the plate of Ivan Crnojević's coat of arms, as well as in other monasteries and churches.

Order info: #STL021

For Sale. Price: £250.00

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "eagle" dinar.

Obverse: Double-headed eagle with wide spread wings, standing, no legend. 2 dots to the sides.

Reverse: Christ with a granulated nimbus is depicted standing in mandorla holding book of the gospels in his left hand. Large distorted initials C X ("Jesus Christ") in the middle to the sides.

Reference: Jov. 41-25, I (42.18).

Comment: Good condition for this very rare type. Double struck dots around on the obverse, only 26 registered examples. 

Beginning in the 14th century, the double-headed eagle can be seen more often on inscriptions, medieval frescoes and embroidery on the clothes of Serbian royalty. The Serbian Church adopted it, with the entrance of Žiča, the seat of the Serbian Archbishopric in the 1219–1253 period and by tradition the coronation church of the Serbian kings was engraved with the double-headed eagle. The survived golden ring of Queen Teodora (1321–1322) has the symbol engraved. During the reign of Emperor Stefan Dušan (1331–1355), the double-headed eagle can be seen on everyday objects and state related documents, such as wax stamps and decrees. In 1339, map maker, Angelino Dulcert, marked the Serbian Empire with a flag with a red double-headed eagle.

Order info: #STL022

For Sale. Price: £275.00

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "eagle" dinar, 0.8g

Obverse: Double-headed eagle with wide spread wings and open beak. Serbian legend: СТЕФАН ДЕСПОТ (STEFAN DESPOT) around.

Reverse: Christ in glory, initials IC XC (Jesus Christ) unusually in the middle next to Jesus, lilies in the field on each side and triple dotted mark on the right side.

Reference: J 186, Jov. 41-57, I (42.35).

Comment: First but different from above examples, depiction of two-headed eagle which is still a symbol of the Serbian State. There are only 20 registered examples.

Other Serbian dynasties also adopted the symbol, like the Mrnjavčević and Lazarević ruling families. Prince Lazar (1371–1389), when renovating the Hilandar monastery of Mount Athos, engraved the double-headed eagle at the northern wall. The Codex Monacensis Slavicus 4 (1371–1389) has richly attested artwork of the Serbian eagle. The double-headed eagle was officially adopted by Stefan Lazarević after he received the despot title, the second highest Byzantine title, by John VII Palaiologos in August 1402 at the court in Constantinople.

Reference: #STL06

Not For Sale

Price: £250-£300

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "eagle" dinar, 0.8g

Obverse: Double-headed eagle with wide spread wings and open beak. Serbian legend: СТЕФАН ДЕСПОТ (STEFAN DESPOT) around.

Reverse: Christ in glory, initials IC XC (Jesus Christ) unusually in the middle next to Jesus, lilies in the field on each side and triple dotted mark on the right side.

Reference: J 186, Jov. 41-57, I (42.35).

Comment: Slightly different variant in shape and size from above.

After the Ottoman invasion and subsequent occupation that lasted until the early 19th century, the double-headed eagle was forbidden to be used as it was a symbol of Serbian sovereignty and statehood. The Serbian cross with four fire-steels ("ocila") came into greater use as another symbol of Serbs as it also was used in the Middle Ages. The emblem has mostly been depicted as a white eagle since 1804, when Stefan Gavrilović, 18th-19th century Serbian painter known best for his iconostasis and frescoes, issued a revolutionary flag based on the Nemanjic eagle for the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.

The eagle, defaced with the cross, has been used in the contemporary design of the coat of arms of Serbia following the tradition established by the Kingdom of Serbia in 1882. The Serbian Revolution resurrected the Nemanjić tradition, and the white double-headed eagle became the symbol of Serbia as the coat of arms following independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Serbian cross has been used as the shield with the Serbian eagle in the contemporary design of the coat of arms of Serbia, following the tradition established by the Kingdom of Serbia of 1882.


Reference: #STL07

Not For Sale

Price: £200-£250

 
 

Medieval Serbian silver ring with engraved heraldic motif of two-headed eagle, 15th century, found in Serbia.

Collection of National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade.

Two-headed eagle was used as a royal symbol by several Medieval Serbian royal families.

 

 

 

 

Medieval Serbian gold earrings with motif of two-headed eagle, 14th-15th century, found in 2012 in a grave of a noble woman during excavation of the remains of medieval church in Smederevo fortress, central Serbia.

Earrings are crescent shaped, and luxuriously ormanented with floral details, royal motif of two-headed eagles and monograms “MPA”.

Dimensions – 16x12 mm, weight 2,35 grams each.

Collection of Museum in Smederevo.

 

Medieval Serbian signet ring with engraved figure of Double-headed eagle and two Cyrilic letters, silver, 14th century, found in Serbia.

Collection of the Museum of the Applied Arts in Belgrade.

During 14th and 15th centuries mining and trade have flourished in Medieval Serbian states, and during that period domestic and foreign master goldsmiths produced a large number of fine pieces of jewelry, especially rings, creating special Serbian style of the jewelry called "Serbian way" in those times, which was very reputable even outside of Serbia. That style was mixture of Byzantine and Western European patterns modified by the local tradition.

Image may contain: ring

No photo description available.

Image may contain: ring

Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver tercio (Third of a dinar), 1.02g.

Obverse: A large head of Christ in a granulated nimbus the size of the coin. From the bottom of the head extends a semicircular inscription beginning on the inside with the initials +INRI ("Isus Nazarensis Rex Ideorum" - Jesus the Nazarene the King the god).

Reverse: A cross with arms of equal length, each arm devised into two parts, a dot at the end of each part. From each corner of the cross in the middle of the field extend thin lines ending in the three-dot pattern. Possible representing cross with precious stones or possibly 2 different crossed crosses with gems.

Reference: J 41-10, J 41-15, J (185), I (43.1).

Comment: Extremely rare type. Issued after Stefan Lazarevic became ruler of the Serbian Kingdom. His Christian religious orientation clearly apparent. It is uncertain if this is regular or irregular coining.

There are only 3 registered examples.

Reference: #STL017

Not For Sale

Price: £350-£400

 
 

Prince Stefan Lazarevic (1389-1402), silver "angel" half dinar, 0.75g.

Reverse: An Angel (possibly Archangel Michael) with a granulated nimbus facing left, single wing on the right. In its right hand the angel is holding a branch with 4 buds or a sceptre, itʼs left hand is against his chest. A Latin inscription on the left half CONTE (Prince or Earl).

Obverse: Christ with a granulated nimbus is depicted standing in mandorla. In his left hand he is holding the gospels, his right hand is in the ritual gesture of benediction. The initials IC XC ("Jesus Christ") at the height of his hips.

Reference: J 41-9.1, J 41-12, J (153), LJ (XI-19), I (42.14).

Comment: Extremely rare type. Issued before Stefan Lazarevic became ruler of the Serbian Kingdom, while his mother Milica was ruling. His father died in 1389 and he was too young to rule on his own.

There are only 8 registered examples.

Reference: #STL018

Not For Sale

Price: £350-£400

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "comet" dinar, 0.5g

Obverse: Despot standing, facing, holding scepter, flying comet or star on the right, Latin legend CONTE (Prince, Duke or Earl)

Reverse: Christ in glory (mandorla), standing, facing, IC XC ("Jesus Christ")

Reference: J 41-9.2, Jov. 41-13

Comment: Extremely rare coin. Very scarce type. Only pictured by Jovanovic. Using CONTE like his father Lazar. 

Stefan Lazarević married Jelena in September 1405. Jelena was daughter of Francesco II Gattilusio, a Genovese lord of Lesbos and a sister of Irene Gattilusio, empress of Byzantium empire and a wife of John VII Palaiologos. This marriage was arranged during his stay in Constantinople in 1402, at a time when the city and the Byzantine Empire ruled John VII in the name of his uncle, Manuel II (1373-1391 ruler, Emperor 1391-1425). Jelena and Stefan had no children and Jelena is not shown on any frescoes in monasteries built by Stefan. 

There are only 2 registered examples.

Reference: #STL02

Not For Sale

Price: £200-£250

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "sword" dinar, 1.1g

Obverse: Despot standing, facing, holding sword with his right hand, Serbian legend ГНДЕСП СТЕФ (SIR DESPOT STEFAN)

Reverse: Christ in glory, seating on the throne, initials IC XC ("Jesus Christ")

Reference: Jov. 41-67, Lj (XII-19), I (42.22)

Comment: Very rare sword type. Was only 12 when his father died in the Battle of Kosovo in 1389. His mother Duchess Milica ruled until he was old enough to take over at the age of 25. On July 19th 1427 he died from a heart attack at the age of 50. 


Order info: #STL01. (SOLD)

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "scepter" reduced dinar. 0.5g.

Obverse: Despot standing facing, holding scepter, Latin legend: CONTE STEFAN (Prince or Duke Stefan).

Reverse: Head of facing Christ, cross behind, Latin legend in outer band +IESYS CRISTVS (Jesus Christ).

Reference: J 41-4.1,Jov. 41-7, LJ (XII-1,2), I (42.6). 

Comment: Rare type and a rare depiction of a facing head of Christ including his full name. Rare double struck reverse. 

After Ottoman defeat at Ankara (July 1402) Stefan Lazarevic returned home from the battlefield via Byzantine territory; in August 1402 at Constantinople Emperor John VII Palaiologos decided to award him the very high title of Despot, second only to Imperial dignity, it gave the bearer great honour. From Constantinople, Despot Stefan paved the way for an independent Serbia. 

There are only 29 registered examples.

Reference: #STL03

Not For Sale

Price: £150-£200

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "scepter" reduced dinar. 0.4g.

Obverse: Despot standing facing, holding scepter, Latin legend: CONTE STEFAN (Prince or Duke Stefan).

Reverse: Head of facing Christ, cross behind, Latin legend in outer band +IESYS CRISTVS (Jesus Christ).

Reference: J 162, Jov. 41-6, I (42.7).

Comment: Like above but with subtle difference like wider Christ beard and different Despot scepter. Still rare type and a rare depiction of a facing head of Christ including his full name.

Under his rule, he issued a Code of Mines in 1412 in Novo Brdo, the economic center of Serbia. In his legacy, Resava-Manasija monastery (Pomoravlje District), he organized the Resava School, a center for correcting, translating, and transcribing books.

 

Order info: #STL04. (SOLD)

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "scepter" reduced dinar. 0.4g.

Obverse: Despot standing facing, holding scepter, Latin legend: CONTE STEFAN (Prince or Duke Stefan).

Reverse: Head of facing Christ, cross behind, Latin legend in outer band +IESYS CRISTVS (Jesus Christ).

Reference: J 162, Jov. 41-6, I (42.7).

Comment: Like above but with Christ more pointy beard. Still rare type and a rare depiction of a facing head of Christ including his full name. 

Stefan Lazarević died suddenly in 1427, leaving the throne to his nephew Đurađ Branković. Despot Stefan is buried in the monastery Manasija built in 1407. 

Order info: #STL05

For Sale. Price: £135.00

 
 



Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "eagle" dinar, 0.5g.

Obverse: Cross with pellets in quarters, Serbian Cyrillic legend +ДЕСПОТ СТФН (DESPOT STEFAN) around

Reverse: Two-headed eagle, 4 dots to sides.

Reference: Jov. 41-24, I (42.17).

Comment: Very rare type, from the late-19th century Rudnik hoard of Despot Stefan's, with its 1988 publication there were only 6 known examples; the present total is considered to be under 15. Like above this a rare and early depiction of the Serbian royal symbol, the double-headed eagle.


Reference: #STL08

Not For Sale

Price: £300-£350

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "horn" dinar, 0.4g

Obverse: Ox-horned helmet (heraldic symbol of the Hrebeljanovic-Lazarevic dynasty) and large shield with large one-headed eagle with raised wings on it. Serbian Cyrillic legend: ДЕСПOТ (DESPOT).

Reverse: Christ in glory (mandorla), facing, holding Gospels, IC XC (Jesus Christ).

Reference: Jov. 41-23, LJ (XIII-29), I (42.19).

Comment: Very scarce type, associated with the late-19th century Rudnik hoard of Despot Stefan mentioned above.

There are only 31 registered examples.


Reference: #STL09

Not For Sale

Price: £200-£250

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "horn" dinar, 0.4g

Obverse: Ox-horned helmet (heraldic symbol of the Hrebeljanovic-Lazarevic dynasty) and large shield with two-headed eagle with raised wings on it. Serbian Cyrillic legend: ДЕСПOТb (DESPOT).

Reverse: Christ in glory (mandorla), facing, holding Gospels, IC XC ("Jesus Christ").

Reference: Jov. 41-23, LJ (XIII-29), I (42.19).

Comment: Another very scarce type, like the one above but with a extra letter on the obverse and shield appear to have two-headed eagle instead of one-headed.

 

Reference: #STL10

Not For Sale

Price: £150-£200

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver reduced "horn" dinar, 0.5g

Obverse: Ox-horned helmet (heraldic symbol of the Hrebeljanovic-Lazarevic dynasty), 4 pellets between horns which are ending with a circle. Latin legend: CO STEF (CONTE STEFAN).

Reverse: Christ enthroned, holding Book of Gospels, initials IC XC ("Jesus Christ"), siglas flat S to the sides.

Reference: J 160, Jov. 41-2, LJ (XIII-31,32) I (42.12).

Comment: Very scarce type, associated with the late-19th century Rudnik hoard of Despot Stefan. With its 1988 publication there total number of known specimens was brought to 65.


Reference: #STL11

Not For Sale

Price: £200-£250

 
 

Seal matrix which belonged to the Medieval Serbian ruler Prince Lazar, 14th century, found at remains of Medieval town Rudnik, at Rudnik mountain, vicinity of Gornji Milanovac, western Serbia.

Matrix is engraved with horned helmet, Prince Lazar’s coat of arms, and Cyrillic inscriptions "Lord Lazar, Prince of all Serbian lands".

It is made of copper-lead-silicon alloy and it was discovered in 2015 among the ruins of Medieval town Rudnik, in waste pit, where it was probably thrown during one of the sieges to prevent this royal insignia to be captured by the enemies.

Collection of Museum in Gornji Milanovac, displayed at National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade.

Town Rudnik was important urban, trade and mining center during Middle ages. 

 

 

Medieval Serbian ring, silver and gold, 15th century, found at remains of the citadel in Novo Brdo, most important trade and mining center of Medieval Serbia, Kosovo and Metohija province, present-day southern Serbia.

Ring has engraved horned helmet above shield, coat of arms of Lazarević/Hrebeljanović royal family.

Collection of National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade.

Novo Brdo was one of the most important urban, mining and trading centers of Medieval Serbia and Europe, famous for exploiting gold and silver ore.

Castle has 8 towers, and several archaeological excavations revealed remains of many significant buildings, such as churches and palaces, and numerous interesting findings, such as pottery, jewelry, weapons and objects for everyday use from the Medieval period.


No photo description available.

Archaeologists have discovered remains of many luxurious palaces, Orthodox and Roman catholic churches built for foreign miners, traders and diplomats, remains of common houses, workshops, and numerous pieces of weapons, jewelry and objects for everyday use.

 

No photo description available.

This town was one of the main centers of jewelry production in Medieval Serbia. Besides local masters, jewelers from Byzantine empire and Adriatic coast have worked there, producing beautiful pieces of jewelry, under both Byzantine and western European influences, as well as local traditions.


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "scepter" reduced dinar, struck as prince (1389-1402), 0.4g.

Obverse: Prince standing facing, holding labarum, Latin CONT S - TEFAN (Prince or Duke Stefan).

Reverse: Christ in mandorla, standing, facing, IC - XC ("Jesus Christ") in the middle.

Reference: J 163, Jov. 41-9, I (42.3).

Comment: Very rare type with Despot holding labarum and Christ in mandorla combination.

Despot Stefan Lazarević was a great patron of art and culture providing support and shelter to scholars from Serbia and exiles from surrounding countries occupied by the Ottomans. He was educated at his parents’ home, he spoke and wrote Serbo-Slavic; he could speak Greek, and was familiar with Latin.

He was an author in his own right, and his main works include "Slovo ljubve" (Letter of Love) that he dedicated to his brother Vuk and "Natpis na mramornom stubu na Kosovu" (Inscription on the Marble Pillar at Kosovo). Some of the original works he wrote during his reign have been preserved. 


Order info: #STL12

For Sale. Price: £95.00

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "scepter" coin. 1.3g.

Obverse: Prince standing facing, holding labarum, Serbian Cyrillic legend ДЕСПОТ СТЕФАН (DESPOT STEFAN) 

Reverse: Christ enthroned with Book of Gospels, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) and stars to the sides.

Reference: J 170, Jov. 41-66, LJ (XII-18), I (42.20).

Comment: Another rare heavier coin, possibly earlier type.


Reference: #STL13

Not For Sale

Price: £80-£120

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "scepter" coin. 1g.

Obverse: Prince standing facing, holding labarum, Serbian Cyrillic legend СТЕФАН ДЕСПОТ (STEFAN DESPOT) 

Reverse: Christ enthroned with Book of Gospels, IC - XC ("Jesus Christ") above and stars to the sides.

Reference: J 170, Jov. 41-66, LJ (XII-18), I (42.20).

Comment: Another rare heavier coin, possibly earlier type.  


Order info: #STL14. (SOLD)

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "4 lines" coin. 0.9g.

Obverse: Serbian legend in 4 lines: + ГНb ДЕСПОТ СТЕФАNb (SIR DESPOT STEFAN)

Reverse: Christ in glory, holding Book of Gospels, initials IC XC ("Jesus Christ") in the middle.

Reference: J 166, Jov. 41-38, LJ (XII-8), I (42.43).

Comment: As the coins over time went lighter and lighter in weight  this example could be an earlier issue.


Order info: #STL15. (SOLD)

 
 


Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1402-1427), silver "3 lines" coin. 1g.

Obverse: Serbian Cyrillic legend in 3 lines: ДЕСПОТ (DESPOT)

Reverse: Christ on low-back throne, holding Book of Gospels decorated with 5 gems, initials IC XC ("Jesus Christ") above, lilies to the sides.

Reference: J 187, J 41-42, LJ (XII-20), I(42.49).

Comment: Another heavier letters only example.

Stefan was receptive when Sigismund of Hungary approached him for an alliance. Despot Stefan received Mačva, Belgrade (which became Lazarević's capital in 1405), Golubac (an important fortress on the Danube) and other domains, such as lands in Vojvodina (Zemun, Slankamen, Kupinik, Mitrovica, Bečejand Veliki Bečkerek) in 1404, Apatin in 1417 and Srebrenica in 1411. At Belgrade, he built a fortress with a citadel (which was destroyed during the Great Turkish War in 1690; only the Despot Stefan Tower remains today). 

Reference: #STL16

Not For Sale

Price: £100-£150

 
 

 

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