King Stefan Tvrtko I (King of Serbs in Raska, Bosnia, Western Sides and Coastland 1377-1391)
Silver "scepter" type. 19mm, 0.920g.
Minted between 1377 and 1385.
Obverse: Crowned king enthroned facing with lion heads to the sides, dressed in royal attire, holding lily tipped scepter in his right hand and a writing feather in his left hand. Latin description: ??? BOS • STEPAIIVS (??? OF BOSNIA STEFAN). It has enough room for 4-5 more letters behind so it could read T • RX • RA • BOS • STEPAIIVS (TVRTKO KING OF RASKA AND BOSNIA STEFAN).
Reverse: Christ seating on an unusual high back throne with an arch going behind the halo, holding book of gospels decorated with 2 visible gems. Greek initials IC XC (In Greek: Ιησούς Χριστός - Jesus Christ) above. 4 triple pellets around the throne.
Reference: Unpublished, unique compare to Jov 51 4 and R 865.
Comment: There are 2 types where Tvrtko is shown “seating on the throne” one with and one without lion heads. First type is with “Jesus standing on the reverse” minted between 1377 and 1385 before he took control over the city of Kotor. Second one is Kotor type with “saint Trifon standing on the reverse” minted between 1385 and 1391 after he took control over the city of Kotor.
This new type is third, unknown and unique type, now the only known example of king Stefan Tvrtko I with “Jesus sitting on the throne on the reverse”, only second known example minted outside the city of Kotor between 1377 and 1385.
DESCRIPTION ON COINS
The “Jesus standing on the reverse” type has Latin description on the obverse: T : REX : BOS NE : ↄ : RASIE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA AND RASKA).
The Kotor type with “Saint Trifon standing on the reverse” has Latin description on the obverse: STEPHOS : RA SIE : ↄ : BO : T : REX
(STEFAN OF RASKA AND BOSNIA TVRTKO KING)
This type with “Jesus sitting on the throne” with an unusual high back throne and an arch going behind the halo, Greek initials IC XC (In Greek: Ιησούς Χριστός - Jesus Christ) above, has Latin description on the obverse: ??? BOS • STEPAIIVS (??? OF BOSNIA STEFAN). It has enough room for 4-5 more letters so it could read T • RX • RA • BOS • STEPAIIVS (TVRTKO KING OF RASKA AND BOSNIA STEFAN).
Jovanović claims that the letter T in the description stands for the southern coastal area called Travunija.
All city of Kotor issues with ruler “sitting on the throne with lion heads”, under Serbia, Hungary, Bosnia and Venice, got “saint Trifon standing on reverse”. Only king Stefan Tvrtko I had “Jesus standing and sitting on the throne on the reverse”.
This new type is the only known type with “Jesus sitting on the throne on the reverse” and ruler holding a scepter and a writing feather that looks like a short spear on the obverse, scepter with a lily on the top is in his right hand and a writing feather is in his left hand with its head pointing downward, а symbol of king as a lawgiver. Face is very similar to emperor Uros city of Kotor and city of Ulcinj examples which is strong indication that king Stefan Tvrtko I minted this issue between the beginning of his rule in 1377, 6 years after the death of emperor Uros and taking over the city of Kotor in 1385.
This is very rare, unique and the only known type of king Stefan Tvrtko I with “Jesus sitting on the throne on the reverse”. Only other type outside Kotor mint is a drawing with “Jesus standing on the reverse” published by Jovanovic under reference Jov 51 4 and Rengeo under reference R 865. Description is also different and without Stefan title. T : REX : BO SNE : ↄ :RASIE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA AND RASKA).
It’s very interesting to note that all other examples have ruler holding a lily tipped scepter, a Serbian royal symbol, in his right hand and a globus with a cross on the top in his left hand except two known coins. One is this new type where ruler is holding same lily tipped scepter in his right hand but a writing feather with its head pointing downward in his left hand. Second one is a city of Kotor independent issue under Venetian protection where saint Marko is holding same writing feather with its head pointing downward but in his right hand but is not seating on lions heads. The description on the obverse is: S MARCVS VENETVS (SAINT MARCO THE VENETIAN).
Reference is Jov 25 17 and D 8.1.1-2, seven registered examples.
Please see the picture below.
Same writing feather with its head pointing downward in the rulers hand on the issue under Venetian protectorate is very strong indication that our new type is minted by no other then Serbian king Stefan Tvrtko I. It is more likely that the city of Kotor would for their newly independent city imitate king Stefan Tvrtko I coins.
This type cannot belong to Emperor Stefan Dušan 1346-1355 or Emperor Uroš 1355-1371 because it is stylistically different and they have the imperial title IMPERATOR on their coins. It cannot be the money of Ban Stefan II Kotromanić 1322-1353 because he did not have the title of king, nor was Bosnia in his time a kingdom but a banovina. It cannot be Hungarian money, none of their kings at that time had name Stefan. Neither is King Stefan Dabiša 1391-1395, who ruled after Tvrtko I, because he would have used his personal and not titular name Stefan and Venice would certainly have had its patron Saint Mark on the coin.
Not For Sale
Estimated Value: 800 - 1000 - 1200
Comparison with “Jesus standing on the reverse” type minted between 1377 and 1385 before he took control over the city of Kotor. The description on the obverse is: T : REX : BO SNE : ↄ :RASIE (TVRTKO KING OF BOSNIA AND RASKA).
Reference Jov 51 4 and R 865
Comparison with city of Kotor independent issue under Venetian protection where saint Marko is holding same writing feather with its head pointing downward but in his right hand and is not seating on lions heads. The description on the obverse is: S MARCVS VENETVS (SAINT MARCO THE VENETIAN).
Reference Jov 25 17 and D 8.1.1-2
Born in 1338 he was only 15 years old when he became ban. And 39 when he became king.
Father: Vladislav Kotromanić (1353-1354), son of Ban Stefan I Kotromanić and Jelisaveta (Elizabeta) Nemanjić Kotromanić (1270-1331), daughter of the Serbian King Stefan Dragutin Nemanjić (1276-1282).
Mother mentioned in the charter below (26,37): Jelena Šubić Kotromanić (1306-1378) from the Croatian noble family Šubić.
Wife mentioned in the charter (26, 37): Dorothea Vidinska Kotromanić (c. 1345-1390) daughter of the Bulgarian Tsar Jovan Stracimir (1324-1397).
In 1369, internal aristocratic conflicts broke out in Serbia, resulting in a civil war between King Vukašin and Ugljesa Mrnjavčević on the one hand and Emperor Stefan Uroš V Nemanjić, Lazar Hrebeljanovic and Nikola Altomanović on the other. The conflicts ended with the victory of Vukasin and Ugljesa Mrnjavcevic in the first battle of Kosovo in 1369.
In 1371, two years later, Vukasin and Ugljesa Mrnjavcevic were camping near the Ottoman army, preparing for battle. On the night of September 26th, 1371, a group from Ottoman army cowardly attacked the sleeping Serbian army, killing Vukasin and Ugljesa Mrnjavcevic.
A few months later, in December 1371, emperor Uroš Nemanjić, only 35 years old, died under suspicious circumstances.
7 years later in 1378 Tvrtko I writes this charter.
It is important to note that 11 years later in 1389, Tvrtko I supported Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic and Vuk Brankovic during the second battle of Kosovo against the Ottoman invaders with 10,000 of his soldiers. And after the battle at his court, he publicly and proudly declared the victory of Serbia and Christianity.
Charter of King Tvrtko I Kotromanić written between April 10th and June 17th, 1378.
In this charter, written and signed in Cyrillic in the Old Slavonic alphabet, he says, among other things (2-7):
“Then also to me, to my slave, for the mercy of my Deity, gifts to blossom my offspring noble rooted in my family and honor me with a double wreath to rule both lordships, first in the God-given land of Bosnia, then my Lord God honored me to inherit the throne of my ancestors, Serbian lords, because those of my ancestors, who reigned in the earthly kingdom, also moved to the heavenly kingdom. I, on the other hand, seeing the land of my ancestors left after them and without my shepherd, went to the Serbian land, wanting to strengthen the throne of my parents. And going there, I was crowned by God with the crown given to me by the kingdom of my ancestors, to be pious in Christ Jesus and appointed by God, Stefan, King of the Serbs and Bosnia and Coastal and Western Sides. And then I began to reign with God and make the throne of the Serbian land, wanting what fell to rise and what was destroyed to strengthen."
First, for what purpose would the ruler of Bosnia write to Dubrovnik in the Old Slavonic Cyrillic alphabet? Beacuse this is a regularly used alphabet and language that the people of Dubrovnik also had to know in order to trade with Bosnia and for centuries, as they were, with Serbia!
"Nobly rooted in my family" and the "double wreath" he mentions is the Serbian and Bosnian family and wreath. He did not see the difference its the same family and it is noble rooted! Also (29) "faithful and wholehearted love, as the great-grandparents and parents of the Kingdom of Serbia and Bosnia had with him (Dubrovnik)."
He calls both Serbian and Bosnian rulers his parents!
"Crowned with the crown of my great-grandparents." Whose crown is it? Hungary? Bulgaria? Byzantine? Not! That is the Serbian crown! It is not Bosnian because until then Tvrtko was the ban of Bosnia, not the king, and now he is crowned with the Serbian crown as king of Serbia and Bosnia. Tvrtko I was crowned in the Serbian monastery, most likely Milesevo, a year before the writing of this charter in 1377, which was confirmed by Marvo Orbini in the 16th century.
Then the question:
What crown did the rulers of medieval Bosnia inherit after Stefan Tvrtko I?
Stefan Dabisa, Stefan Ostoja, Stefan Tvrtko II, Stefan Ostojic, Stefan Tomas and Stefan Tomasevic?
If Stefan Tvrtko I inherited the Serbian crown from his ancestors, including his great-grandfather King Stefan Dragutin Nemanjić, then the answer is completely clear. All the rulers of medieval Bosnia wore the Serbian Nemanjić crown and the Serbian royal title STEFAN!
Therefore, it is no wonder that Stefan Tomasevic took power over the Serbian Despotate without any problems in 1459, and Stefan Lazararevic (1402-1427) and Djuradj Brankovic (1427-1456) ruled as despots, not kings of part of the former Serbian empire.
It is clear from his own words that the Serbian kings from the Nemanjić family, through his grandmother Jelisaveta and the great-grandfather Serbian king Stefan Dragutin Nemanjić, he considered his parents and great-grandparents (3 "throne of my great-grandparents, Serbian lords"). Here, he especially thought of King Stefan Dragutin Nemanjić. His feelings, emotions and affection are quite clear.
The charter also reveals Dubrovnik's relationship with the Serbian state that they paid (16, 17) "Serbian income" of "2000 perpers", which Tvrtko I agreed for them to continue paying to him as a heir.
Tvrtko himself calls the state, Serbian, several times.
In one place he mentions (13) "contracts and laws and charters that the city of Dubrovnik had with the lords of Serbia and Raska" where he puts the term "Serbia" and "Raska" together, emphasizing what is meant to be one and the same!
As a Christian, he mentions Jesus Christ in a charter and mints money with Jesus sitting on the throne.
You can read the whole charter below, separated by numbers 1-41 for easier navigation:
“It is pious [and] worthy to praise with true faith and to offer the desired word to one's benefactor, Bishop Christ, since when everything created and revealed would be in praise of divine  providence, which has mercy on the human race, which it created according to the pure image of its deity, and gave him power and reason, to be [above] his earthly creature and to understand  it and create judgment and justice in the midst of the earth. Also, to me, to my slave, for the mercy of his deity, he gives me the gift to blossom an offspring noble rooted in my family and to honor me with a double wreath  in order to manage the scope of lordships, first in the God-given land mainly Bosna, then my Lord god honored me to inherit the throne of my great-grandparents, Serbian lords , because these great-grandparents of mine, having reigned in the earthly kingdom, also moved to the heavenly kingdom. I, on the other hand, seeing the land of my ancestors left after them and not having my own  shepherd, went to the Serbian land, wanting to strengthen the throne of my parents. And there, going as crowned from God with a crown given to me to the kingdom of my ancestors,  to be pious in Christ Jesus and appointed by God, Stefan, king of Serbs in Bosnia and Coastland and Western Sides.
And then I began to reign with God and make  the throne of the Serbian land, wanting what had fallen to rise and what had been destroyed to strengthen. And when I came to the lands of Coastal, approaching the glorious and benevolent city of Dubrovnik, honest majesty of Dubrovnik came before our Majesty, with all glory and honor, and reminded our Majesty of its laws, treaties and charters. which they had with the great-grandparents of our Majesty,  with the Lords of Bosnia. This and these nobles spoke about it before our Majesty: Marin Menčetić, Mihail Bobaljević, Dobre Kaličiević, Mateo Žurgović,  Žun Gradić, Nikola Gundulić. These nobles also wanted to confirm to our Majesty their laws and agreements that they had with the great-grandparents and parents of our Majesty, with Bosnian lords  and lord ban Stefan. And for the love and unity of our and our predecessors that we had with the city of Dubrovnik and the nobility of Dubrovnik, because of that our majesty  wrote and confirmed and better regulated all the laws and treaties and charters and trade freedoms they had with the Bosnian gentleman. And then he reminded our Majesty  the above-mentioned nobles of Dubrovnik and the treaties and laws and charters that the city of Dubrovnik had with the lords of Serbia and Raska. And while I fulfilled my former love  and harmony with the city of Dubrovnik and its esteemed nobleman, I did mercy, wrote and renewed and better fulfilled in every freedom and purity  to keep these treaties and laws firm and unchanged and charters and trade freedoms and never to be taken away. After this word and our confirmation, he promised  the city of Dubrovnik and the nobles of Dubrovnik that they would legally give our Majesty Serbian income, which they also gave to Serbian gentlemen, and that they would give our Majesty every future  Dmitrov's day two thousand perpers under this treaty, law and manner, as long as our Majesty holds and masters this coastal land: Trebinje,  Konavle and Dracevica.
And with this promise, our Majesty promises the nobles of Dubrovnik that Dubrovnik merchants and goods pass  freely throughout our country and state, and that no one should defend themselves against them, and that no one should reach for them or their goods. you or as soon as you keep them, neither the lord nor the small lord, nor anyone  small or large. If anyone dares to spoil our word, and take something from them in the realm of my kingdom, that I have to pay it to them from my chamber,  and that I have to look for the culprit. And I undertake to protect and guard their government from attack, from theft, from all malice and force, and I also  undertake if there is anyone to speak or force the city of Dubrovnik for the income they have to give to my to the kingdom, to have a kingdom for me to defend them from  and to help them not to do any damage to their government or trade. And God forbid, it happens for a while and this country is not in the area  of my kingdom: Trebinje, Konavle and Dračevica, or my kingdom does not fulfill and does not make many words, and does not pay merchants, or do not watch the government, or manage them  Let it be a pity for that income, that the kingdom will not ask them for that income, nor anyone else after me, nor that they are obliged to give it.
And after all this promise  my kingdom with the God-given kingdom of my mother, Mrs. Kira Jelena and Mrs. Queen Kira Dorothea and the chosen nobleman of my kingdom,  and there would be nobles in my kingdom: Prefect Branko Pribinić, courtier Vukosav Stefković, Dobrašin Stefanović, duke Vlatko Vuković, prince Vukašin  Milatović, prince Priboje Mastnović, prefect Bjelak Sanković, founder Tvrtko Vlađević, Vukac Vladisalić. And so we promise that there will be faithful and wholehearted love between the kingdom  and between the city of Dubrovnik and its ruler, as the great-grandparents and parents of the kingdom of Serbia  and Bosnia had with him. And for this word and for this justice written above, the kingdom promises me on the holy gospel and before the honorable cross of Christ and the mother of the kingdom, and with me  the queen and the eloquent nobleman, that this word and this promise be written firmly and steadfastly to to eternity: whoever dares to live up to this word and promise  of ours to which we have committed and written, let him take upon himself and on his soul those curses which we have mutually uttered before the holy gospel, and may the kingdom give me this  never falsify, until when the city of Dubrovnik and the nobles of Dubrovnik falsify this and by some unbelief they and their children and their heirs lose. And I also pray for  reading, whoever God puts after me on the throne of my kingdom, not to confirm this, but moreover, to better fulfill and confirm it and to strengthen it better. And this promise  and writing records and confirming the kingdom in front of the city of Dubrovnik in Žrnovnice in the year after the birth of Christ in 1378 in April 10th day.  And after all that was done, the venerable nobles of Dubrovnik Dobre Kalićiević and Mateo Žurgović came to the glorious court of our kingdom in Trstivnica, and I Mrs.  Kira Jelena and Mrs. Queen Kira Dorothea, seeing the promises and conditions of Mr. King with the city of Dubrovnik , and this is better confirmed, we swore before the holy gospel  and before the holy cross of Christ in the church of St. Gregory and our nobleman, with these and these: Duke Vukac Hrvatinić, Prince Vukota Pribinić, Prince Hegen Dragoslal , Vlatko Vojevodic, prefect Vukac Črnugović, Radoslav Pribinić, Vukmir Semković, Hrana Vuković, Purća Hrvatinić, Bjelica Ižesa  lic, prefect Dinica. And so we promised and swore in everything written above that it is firm and unwavering for days and forever. And this ended on the 17th day of June. And wrote the logofet of the Vlade .
STEFAN TVRTKO IN CHRIST GOD KING OF SERBS IN BOSNIA AND COASTLAND”
6th part of the charter states:
“… to be pious in Christ Jesus and appointed by God, Stefan, king of the Serbs and Bosnia and Coastal and Western Sides.”
Tvrtko I in addition to calling himself Stefan what is a royal title of Serbian kings, he mentions that he is the king of SERBS (СРbΛIЄMb) and then he continues the sentence mentioning 3 geographical areas: BOSNIA (БОСНЋ), COAST (ПОМОРИЮ) and WESTERN SIDES (ЗАПАДНИМb СТРАНАМb).
ПОБОЖНО [ЈЕ] И ДОСТОЈНО ПОХВАЛИТИ ИСТИНСКОМ ВЕРОМ И ЖЕЉЕНУ РЕЧ ПРИНЕТИ СВОЈЕМУ ДОБРОТВОРУ ВЛАДИЦИ ХРИСТУ, ОД КОГА СВЕ СТВОРЕНО И ОБЈАВЉЕНО БИ НА ПОХВАЛУ БОЖАНСКОГ ПРОВИЂЕЊА, КОЈЕ СЕ СМИЛОВА ЧОВЕЧИЈЕМ РОДУ, КОЈЕГА СТВОРИ ПРЕМА ПРЕЧИСТОМ ЛИКУ СВОЈЕГА БОЖАНСТВА, И ДАДЕ МУ ВЛАСТ И РАЗУМ, ДА БУДЕ [НАД] СВОМ ЗЕМАЉСКОМ ТВАРИ И ДА РАЗУМИЈЕ И ТВОРИ СУД И ПРАВДУ ПОСРЕД ЗЕМЉЕ. ТАКОЂЕ ЗАТИМ И МЕНИ, СВОМЕ РОБУ, ЗА МИЛОСТ СВОГА БОЖАНСТВА, ДАРОВА ДА МИ ПРОЦВЕТА ИЗДАНАК ПЛЕМЕНИТО УКОРЕЊЕНИ У РОДУ МОЈЕМУ И УДОСТОЈИ МЕ ДВОСТРУКИМ ВЕНЦЕМ  КАКО БИХ ОБИМА ГОСПОДСТВИМА УПРАВЉАО, ПРВО ИСПРВА У БОГОМДАНОЈ НАМ ЗЕМЉИ БОСНИ, ПОТОМ ПАК ГОСПОД МОЈ БОГ МЕ ПОЧАСТИО ДА НАСЛЕДИМ ПРЕСТО ПРАРОДИТЕЉА МОЈИХ, ГОСПОДЕ СРПСКЕ, ЗАТО ЈЕР ТИ МОЈИ ПРАРОДИТЕЉИ, У ЗЕМАЉСКОМ ЦАРСТВУ ЦАРСТВОВАВШИ, И НА НЕБЕСКО ЦАРСТВО ПРЕСЕЛИЛИ СЕ БЕШЕ. ЈА, ПАК, ВИДЕВШИ ЗЕМЉУ СВОЈИХ ПРЕДАКА ОСТАВЉЕНУ НАКОН ЊИХ И ДА НЕМА СВОГ  ПАСТИРА, ОДОХ У СРПСКУ ЗЕМЉУ, ЖЕЛЕЋИ И ХТИЈУЋИ ОСНАЖИТИ ПРЕСТО РОДИТЕЉА МОЈИХ. И ТАМО ИШАВШИ КРУНИСАН БЕХ ОД БОГА ДАРОВАНОМ МИ КРУНОМ НА КРАЉЕВСТВО ПРАРОДИТЕЉА МОЈИХ,  ДА БУДЕМ У ХРИСТУ ИСУСУ ПОБОЖАН И ОД БОГА ПОСТАВЉЕНИ СТЕФАН, КРАЉ СРБИМA И БОСНЕ И ПРИМОРЈА И ЗАПАДНИМ СТРАНАМА.
И ПОТОМ ПОЧЕХ С БОГОМ КРАЉЕВАТИ И ПРАВИТИ  ПРЕСТОЛ СРПСКЕ ЗЕМЉЕ, ЖЕЛЕЋИ ШТО ЈЕ ПАЛО УЗДИГНУТИ И ШТО СЕ РАЗОРИЛО ОСНАЖИТИ. И КАД САМ ДОШАО У ЗЕМЉЕ ПОМОРСКЕ, ПРИШАВШИ ПРЕД СЛАВНИ И ДОБРОНАРОЧИТИ ГРАД ДУБРОВНИК, И ТУ ИЗИЂОШЕ ПРЕД НАШЕ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВО ПОШТЕНА ВЛАСТЕЛА ДУБРОВАЧКА, СА СВАКОМ СЛАВОМ И ЧАШЋУ И ПОДСЕТИШЕ НАШЕ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВО НА СВОЈЕ ЗАКОНЕ, УГОВОРЕ И ПОВЕЉЕ. КОЈЕ СУ ИМАЛИ С ПРАРОДИТЕЉИМА НАШЕГ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВА,  С ГОСПОДОМ БОСАНСКОМ. И О ТОМ СУ ГОВОРИЛА ПРЕД НАШИМ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВОМ ОВА И ОВА ВЛАСТЕЛА: МАРИН МЕНЧЕТИЋ, МИХАИЛ БОБАЉЕВИЋ, ДОБРЕ КАЛИЧИЕВИЋ, МАТЕО ЖУРГОВИЋ,  ЖУН ГРАДИЋ, НИКОЛА ГУНДУЛИЋ. И ОВА ВЛАСТЕЛА ХТЕЛА ЈЕ ПОТВРДИТИ КОД НАШЕГ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВА СВОЈЕ ЗАКОНЕ И УГОВОРЕ КОЈЕ СУ ИМАЛИ С ПРАРОДИТЕЉИМА И РОДИТЕЉИМА НАШЕГ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВА, С ГОСПОДОМ БОСАНСКОМ И ГОСПОДИНОМ БАНОМ СТЕФАНОМ.
И ЗАРАД ЉУБАВИ И ЗАЈЕДНИШТВА НАШЕГ И НАШИХ ПРЕТХОДНИКА КОЈЕ СМО ИМАЛИ С ГРАДОМ ДУБРОВНИКОМ И ВЛАСТЕЛОМ ДУБРОВАЧКОМ, ЗАРАД ТОГА ИМ НАШЕ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВО ЗАПИСА И ПОТВРДИ И БОЉЕ УРЕДИ СВЕ ЗАКОНЕ И УГОВОРЕ И ПОВЕЉЕ И ТРГОВАЧКЕ СЛОБОДЕ КОЈЕ СУ ИМАЛИ. СА ГОСПОДОМ БОСАНСКОМ. И ПОТОМ ПОДСЕТИШЕ НАШЕ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВО  ГОРЕ СПОМЕНУТА ВЛАСТЕЛА ДУБРОВАЧКА И НА УГОВОРЕ И ЗАКОНЕ И ПОВЕЉЕ КОЈЕ ЈЕ ИМАО ГРАД ДУБРОВНИК С ГОСПОДОМ СРПСКОМ И РАШКОМ. И ДОК САМ ИСПУЊАВАО ПРИЈАШЊУ ЉУБАВ  И СКЛАД С ГРАДОМ ДУБРОВНИКОМ И ЊЕГОВОМ ПОШТОВАНОМ ВЛАСТЕЛОМ, УЧИНИХ МИЛОСТ, ЗАПИСАХ И ОБНОВИХ И БОЉЕ ИСПУНИХ У СВАКОЈ СЛОБОДИ И ЧИСТОТИ  ДА СЕ ИМАЈУ ЧВРСТИМ И НЕПРОМЕЊЕНИМ ДРЖАТИ ТИ УГОВОРИ И ЗАКОНИ И ПОВЕЉЕ И ТРГОВАЧКЕ СЛОБОДЕ И НИ ОД КОГА ДА НЕ БУДУ ОТЕТЕ. ПОСЛЕ ОВЕ НАШЕ РЕЧИ И ПОТВРДЕ ОБЕЋАЊА  ГРАД ДУБРОВНИК И ВЛАСТЕЛА ДУБРОВАЧКА ДА ЋЕ НАШЕМ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВУ ЗАКОНИТО ДАВАТИ ДОХОДАК СРПСКИ, КОЈИ СУ ДАВАЛИ И СРПСКОЈ ГОСПОДИ, ТАКОЂЕ ДА ЋЕ НАШЕМ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВУ ДАВАТИ СВАКОГ БУДУЋЕГ  ДМИТРОВА ДАНА ДВЕ ХИЉАДЕ ПЕРПЕРА ПОД ОВИМ УГОВОРОМ, ЗАКОНОМ И НАЧИНОМ СВЕ ДОК НАШЕ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВО ДРЖИ И ГОСПОДАРИ ОВОМ ЗЕМЉОМ ПРИМОРСКОМ: ТРЕБИЊЕМ,  КОНАВЛИМА И ДРАЧЕВИЦОМ.
И ОВИМ ОБЕЋАЊЕМ НАШЕ ВЕЛИЧАНСТВО ВЛАСТЕЛИ ДУБРОВАЧКОЈ, ДА ДУБРОВАЧКИ ТРГОВЦИ И РОБА ПРОЛАЗЕ  ПО ЦЕЛОЈ НАШОЈ ЗЕМЉИ И ДРЖАВИ СЛОБОДНО, И ДА ИМ ТОГА НИКО НЕ СМЕ БРАНИТИ, И ДА НИКО НЕ СМЕ ЗА ЊИХ НИ ЗА ЊИХОВОМ РОБОМ ПОСЕГНУТИ ИЛИ ИХ ЧИМ ЗАДРЖАВАТИ, НИ ВЛАСТЕЛИН НИ ВЛАСТЕЛИЧИЋ, НИТИ БИЛО КО  МАЛИ ИЛИ ВЕЛИКИ. АКО ЛИ СЕ КО ДРЗНЕ И ПОТВОРИ РЕЧ НАШУ, И УЗМЕ ИМ НЕШТО У ОБЛАСТИ КРАЉЕВСТВА МИ, ДА ИМ ЈА ТО ИМАМ ПЛАТИТИ ИЗ СВОЈЕ КОМОРЕ,  А КРИВЦА ТОГА ДА ИМАМ ТРАЖИТИ. И ОБАВЕЗУЈЕМ СЕ ДА ЋУ ЊИХОВО ВЛАДАНИЈЕ ЧУВАТИ И ПАЗИТИ ОД НАПАДА, ОД КРАЂЕ, ОД СВАКЕ ЗЛОБЕ И СИЛЕ, И ЈОШ СЕ  ОБАВЕЗУЈЕМ АКО ИМА КО ШТО ГОВОРИТИ ИЛИ ЧИНИТИ ПРИСИЛУ ГРАДУ ДУБРОВНИКУ ЗА ТАЈ ДОХОДАК КОЈИ ИМАЈУ ДАВАТИ МОМ. КРАЉЕВСТВУ, ДА ИМА КРАЉЕВСТВО МИ ОД ТОГА ЊИХ БРАНИТИ И ПОМАГАТИ ДА ИМ СЕ НЕКА ШТЕТА У ВЛАДАЊУ ИЛИ У ТРГОВАЊУ НЕ УЧИНИ ЗА ТО. И НЕ ДАО БОГ, ДЕСИ СЕ НЕКО ВРЕМЕ И НЕ БУДЕ ОВА ЗЕМЉА У ОБЛАСТИ  КРАЉЕВСТВА МИ: ТРЕБИЊЕ, КОНАВЛЕ И ДРАЧЕВИЦА, ИЛИ КРАЉЕВСТВО МИ НЕ ИСПУНИ И НЕ НАПРАВИ ВИШЕРЕЧЕНОГ, И НЕ ПЛАТИ ТРГОВАЦА, ИЛИ НЕ ПАЗИ ВЛАДАНИЈА, ИЛИ СНАЂЕ ЊИХ.  НЕКА ЈЕ ШТЕТА ЗА ТАЈ ПРИХОД, ДА ТАЈ ПРИХОД НЕЋЕ ТРАЖИТИ ОД ЊИХ, НИ ОД БИЛО КОГА ДРУГОГ ПОСЛЕ МЕНЕ, НИТИ ДА СУ ДУЖНИ ДА ГА ДАЈУ.
И ПОСЛЕ СВЕГА ОВОГА ОБЕЋАЊА  МОГА ЦАРСТВА СА БОГОМ ДАНИМ ЦАРСТВОМ МАЈКЕ МОЈЕ, ГОСПОЂЕ КИРЕ ЈЕЛЕНЕ И ГОСПОЂЕ КРАЉИЦЕ КИРЕ ДОРОТЕЈЕ И ИЗАБРАНОГ ПЛЕМИЋА ЦАРСТВА МОГА,  И БИШЕ ПЛЕМИЋА У МОМ ЦАРСТВУ: ЖУПАН БРАНКО ПРИБИНИЋ, ДВОРЈАНИН ВУКОСАВ СТЕФКОВИЋ, ДОБРАШИН СТЕФАНОВИЋ, ВОЈВОДА ВЛАТКО ВУКОВИЋ, КНЕЗ ВУКАШИН  МИЛАТОВИЋ, КНЕЗ ПРИБОЈЕ МАСТНОВИЋ, ЖУПАН БЈЕЛАК САНКОВИЋ, КТИТОР ТВРТКО ВЛАЂЕВИЋ, ВУКАЦ ВЛАДИСАЛИЋ. И ТАКО ОБЕЋАВАМО ДА ЋЕ ИЗМЕЂУ КРАЉЕВИНЕ  И ИЗМЕЂУ ГРАДА ДУБРОВНИКА И ЊЕГОВОГ ВЛАДАРА ВЛАДАТИ ВЕРНА И СВЕСРДНА ЉУБАВ, КАКВУ СУ С ЊИМ ИМАЛИ ПРАДЕДОВИ И РОДИТЕЉИ КРАЉЕВИНЕ СРБИЈЕ  И БОСНЕ. И ЗА ОВУ РЕЧ И ЗА ОВУ ГОРЕ НАПИСАНУ ПРАВДУ ОБЕЋАВА МИ ЦАРСТВО НА СВЕТОМ ЈЕВАНЂЕЉУ И ПРЕД ЧАСНИМ КРСТОМ ХРИСТОВИМ И МАТЕРОМ ЦАРСТВА, И СА МНОМ  ЦАРИЦОМ И ЕЛОКВЕНТНИМ ВЕЛМОЖЕМ, ДА ОВА РЕЧ И ОВО ОБЕЋАЊЕ ДА БУДЕ ЗАПИСАНО ЧВРСТО И НЕПОКОЛЕБЉИВО ДО ВЕЧНОСТИ: КО СЕ УСУЂУЈЕ ДА ИСПУНИ ОВУ НАШУ РЕЧ И ОБЕЋАЊЕ  НА КОЈЕ СМО СЕ ОБАВЕЗАЛИ И ПИСАЛИ, НЕКА УЗМЕ НА СЕБЕ И НА СВОЈУ ДУШУ ОНЕ КЛЕТВЕ КОЈЕ СМО МЕЂУСОБНО ИЗГОВОРИЛИ. ПРЕД СВЕТИМ ЈЕВАНЂЕЉЕМ, И НЕКА МИ ЦАРСТВО ДА ОВО  ДА НИКАД НЕ ФАЛСИФИКУЈЕМ, ДО КАДА ГРАД ДУБРОВНИК И ВЛАСТЕЛА ДУБРОВАЧКА КРИВОТВОРЕ ОВО И НЕКИМ НЕВЕРЈЕМ ИЗГУБЕ ОНИ И ДЕЦА ЊИХОВА И НАСЛЕДНИЦИ ЊИХОВИ. И МОЛИМ СЕ И ЗА  ЧИТАЊЕ, КОГА ГОД БОГ ПОСТАВИ ПОСЛЕ МЕНЕ НА ПРЕСТО ЦАРСТВА МОГА, НЕ ДА ОВО ПОТВРДИ, НЕГО ШТАВИШЕ, ДА ТО БОЉЕ ИСПУНИ И ПОТВРДИ И ДА БОЉЕ ОЈАЧА. И ОВО ОБЕЋАЊЕ  И ПИСАЊЕ ЗАПИСА И ПОТВРДИ КРАЉЕВСТВО МИ ПРЕД ГРАДОМ ДУБРОВНИКОМ У ЖРНОВНИЦАМА ГОДИНЕ ПО РОЂЕЊУ ХРИСТОВУ 1378. МЈЕСЕЦА АПРИЛА 10. ДАН.  И ПОСЛИЈЕ СВЕГА СВРШЕНОГ ДОЂОШЕ СВЕПОШТЕНИ ВЛАСТЕЛИНИ ДУБРОВАЧКИ ДОБРЕ КАЛИЋИЕВИЋ И МАТЕО ЖУРГОВИЋ У СЛАВНОМ ДВОРУ КРАЉЕВСТВА НАШЕГ У ТРСТИВНИЦУ, И ЈА ГОСПОЂА  КИРА ЈЕЛЕНА И ГОСПОЂА КРАЉИЦА КИРА ДОРОТЕЈА, ВИДЕВШИ ОБЕЋАЊА И УСЛОВЕ ГОСПОДИНА КРАЉА С ГРАДОМ ДУБРОВНИКОМ ВИШЕПИСАНЕ , И ОВА БОЉЕ ПОТВРЂУЈУЋИ, ПРИСЕГОСМО ПРЕД СВЕТИМ ЕВАНЂЕЉЕМ И ПРЕД ЧАСНИМ КРСТОМ ХРИСТОВИМ У ЦРКВИ СВЕТОГ ГРГУРА ИС НАШОМ ВЛАСТЕЛОМ, С ОВИМА ИС ОВИМА: ВОЈВОДА ВУКАЦ ХРВАТИНИЋ, КНЕЗ ВУКОТА ПРИБИНИЋ, КНЕЗ ХЕГЕН ДРАГОСЛАЛИЋ, ВЛАТКО ВОЈВОДИЋ, ЖУПАН ВУКАЦ ЧРНУГОВИЋ, РАДОСЛАВ ПРИБИНИЋ, ВУКМИР СЕМКОВИЋ, ХРАНА ВУКОВИЋ, ПУРЋА ХРВАТИНИЋ, БЈЕЛИЦА ИЖЕСАЛИЋ, ЖУПАН ДИНИЦА. И ТАКО ОБЕЋАСМО И ПРИСЕГОСМО У СВЕ ВИШЕУПИСАНО ДА ЈЕ ТВРДО И НЕПОКОЛЕБЉИВО ДО ДАНА И ДО ВЕКА. И ОВО СВРШИ СЕ МЕСЕЦА ЈУНА 17. ДАН. А ПИСА ЛОГОФЕТ ВЛАДЕ .
СТЕФАН ТВРТКО У ХРИСТА БОГА КРАЉ СРБИМА И БОСНЕ И ПРИМОРЈА
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