King Stefan Radoslav (1228-1233).

Engagement ring of medieval Serbian king Radoslav, early 13th century, 1219-1220, gold.

Radoslav ruled as king of Serbia 1228-1234, his grandparents were Grand prince Nemanja, founder of Nemanjić dynasty, and Byzantine emperor Alexios III Angelos.

The ring has a massive head with an inscription in Greek in seven rows, in verses: ”This is the engagement ring of Stefan, an offspring of Duka, and thus, Anne from the Komnin family, receive him in your embrace.” The verses were composed by the metropolitan and statesman Jovan Apokavk, who strongly advocated this marriage. The ring was probably made in Thessaloniki, and the engagement ceremony took place in 1219, or early 1220. The text was written in Greek because the prince wanted to emphasize his origin, since on his mother's side he was a grandson of Byzantine Emperor Alexius III and was educated in Byzantine spirit. Radoslav welcomed his bride at his father’s court in Pauni near Uroševac, where the wedding ceremony also took place. The ring was obtained thanks to Dejan Medaković, a member of Academy of Sciences and Arts, who noticed it in the 1960’s at an antique store in Munich. He notified the National Museum in Belgrade about this, which purchased it for what was then 5,000 deutsche marks.

Collection of National Museum of Serbia in Belgrade.

Национална Ревија - National Review

 

Bronze signet-ring, once gilt, and inlaid with silver, the hoop narrowest at back and rounded on the outer side; the bezel oval, with a vertical ridge at top and bottom. The outer sides of the hoop are engraved with floral scrolls inlaid with silver, and the bezel engraved with reversed inscription.

Diameter: 1 inchesLength: 0.70 inches (bezel).

  • Inscription content: + KЄ B' T⃒O CO Δ' CTЄ⃒ΦANO AM⃒HN
  • Inscription translation: Lord, help your servant Stephen. Amen.
  • Inscription note: Reversed.

Text from Dalton 1912, Catalogue of Finger Rings, no. 56:
This ring may be compared with an example from Sicily in the museum at Syracuse (Orsi, in 'Byzantinische Zeitschrift', xix., p. 472, fig. 12). Cf. also for the shape a gold betrothal-ring which some have considered to be that of Stephen Radoslav, styled Ducas, King of Servia (AD 1228-34), and Anna Comnena, daughter of the Emperor Theodore Angelas Comnenus Ducas of Salonica (a.d. 1216-30). See K. Krumbacher, 'Sitzungsberichte der philos.-philol. und historischen Klasse der k. bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften', 1906, Heft iii. 

Collection of British Museum in United Kingdom.

 

 

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 12340204 – Radoslav

4 February 1234, Dubrovnik

King Stefan Radoslav, having been deposed and expelled to Dubrovnik by his brother (king Vladislav I), promises to the citizens of Dubrovnik concessions and privileges in case he regains the throne.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 961.


  • Sigillant: King Stefan Radoslav
  • Seal: Impressed wax seal of natural color. King Stefan Radoslav
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 400 x 295 mm


Signature of the king: СТЕФАНОС РИЗ just like it appears on his coins including CT joined together.


King Stefan Uros I Nemanjic (1243-1276).

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 12430814 – kralj Uroš B

14 August 1243

King Stefan Uroš promises to the citizens of Dubrovnik peace, friendship, freedom of trade and legal protection, and settles mutual disputes (early copy B).  

Draft or copy-translation (mid 13th century).

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 962b.

 

  • Seal: none
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 246 x 220 mm
  • Condition: Severely wrinkled, Two small holes.

Original dating clauseIn the year from the incarnation our Lord Jesus Christ one thousand 243, in the month of August, the fourteenth day, indiction first.


Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 12540823 – kralj Uroš B

23 August 1254

King Stefan Uroš promises to the citizens of Dubrovnik possesions they held at the time of his father’s death and legal settlement of disputes regarding possessions acquired later, and regulates various other issues in mutual relations (copy).  

Copy-translation (mid 13th century).

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 966b.

 

  • Seal: none
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 575 x 255 mm


Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 12540823 – kralj Uroš A

23 August 1254

King Stefan Uroš promises to the citizens of Dubrovnik possesions they held at the time of his father’s death and legal settlement of disputes regarding possessions acquired later, and regulates various other issues in mutual relations (original).  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 966a.

 

  • Sigillant: King Stefan Uroš
  • Seal: Pendant wax seal of natural color on a red chord running through two holes.King Stefan Uroš
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 270–320 x (150)215–235 mm, folded plica


King Stefan Dragutin Nemanjic (Ruler of Raska 1276-1282 and Srem 1284-1316).

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 1276xxxx tpq – Dragutin.

1276–1282

King Stefan Dragutin grants commercial privileges to the citizens of Dubrovnik.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 958.


  • Seal: Traces in the form of two horizontal cuts intended for attaching an impressed wax seal.
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 105–125 x 175–187 mm


Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 1281xxxx – Dragutin.

1281

King Stefan Dragutin writes to the Dubrovnik authorities that the earlier five-year peace treaty is to be extended indefinitely and regulates some issues in mutual relations.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 972.

 

  • Seal: Traces in the form of a horizontal hole resulting from removal of an impressed wax seal.
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 155–162 x 247 mm
  • Condition: Large hole and other damage in lower section, text unaffected.


King Stefan Uros II Milutin Nemanjic (1282-1321).

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 1283xxxx cca – Milutin.

circa 1283

King Stefan Uroš Milutin confirms freedom of trade to Dubrovnik merchants, especially those who take their goods to markets other than Brskovo.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 970.


  • Sigillant: King Stefan Uroš Milutin
  • Seal: Pendant wax seal of natural color on a red chord running through two holes.King Stefan Uroš Milutin
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 158–165 x 195–200 mm



Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 1282xxxx – Milutin.

1282

King Stefan Uroš Milutin confirms to the citizens of Dubrovnik rights and obligations established by his brother and predecessor (Stefan Dragutin).  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 978.

 

  • Sigillant: King Stefan Uroš Milutin
  • Seal: Pendant wax seal of natural color, cracked, on a red chord running through three holes.King Stefan Uroš Milutin
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 108–112 x 225–232 mm


King Stefan Uros III Nemanjic Decanski (1321-1331).

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13211227 – Stefan Dečanski,

27 December 1321, Dugo polje (unknown)

King Stefan Dečanski confirms to the citizens of Dubrovnik privileges given to them by king Milutin, especially release from debt imprisonment and the right to hearing by a mixed court.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 968.

 

  • Seal: Red chord running through two cuts.
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 185 x 320–325 mm

Original dating clause: When the envoys Grubeša and Nikola came on Saint Stephen’s day to Dugo polje.



Emperor Stefan Uros IV Dusan Nemanjic (1331-1355).

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 133112xx cca – Dušan.

December 1331

King Stefan Dušan promises to Dubrovnik merchants that he will not take their goods without paying.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 994.

 

  • Sigillant: King Stefan Dušan
  • Seal: Impressed wax seal of natural color, now detached and preserved separately with remains of paper inside. Large hole in the lower section of the page.King Stefan Dušan
  • Material: Paper
  • Dimensions: 280–290 x 230–242 mm
  • Condition: Large hole in lower section, outside text. Several smaller holes affecting text.


Serbian Royal Documents at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13340519 – Dušan.

19 May 1334, Dobrušte (near Prizren)

King Stefan Dušan confirms the grant of Stonski rat to the citizens of Dubrovnik and sets out some additional conditions and modes of resolving disputes.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 998.

 

  • Sigillant: King Stefan Dušan
  • Seal: Pendant wax seal colored red on a red chord running through five holes.King Stefan Dušan
  • Material: Parchment
  • Dimensions: 200–215 x 365–375 mm

Original dating clause: In the year 1334, in the month of May, 19th day.


Dusan Code is a compilation of several legal systems that was enacted by Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia in 1349.

It was used in the Serbian Empire and the succeeding Serbian Despotate.

It is considered an early constitution, or close to it; an advanced set of laws which regulated all aspects of life.

Dusan Code (in older manuscripts it is called the Law of the Faithful Emperor Stefan), is a collection of laws created during the reign and on the initiative of the Serbian Emperor Stefan Dusan. The Code has 201 articles, based on the best edition to date. 

Articles 1-135 were passed at the Stale Assembly, held on the Ascension on May 21, 1349 in Skopje, and the second part, Articles 136-201, at a council between 1. IX 1353. and 31. VIII 1354, probably in Serres.

The Code was drawn up at a time when the state, after Dusan conquests, became the largest power in the Balkans. Dusan wanted, with the cooperation of the Stale parliament, to adopt norms that would apply to his entire extended empire and equally to all his subjects. At the same time, he wanted to strengthen his central government with laws passed in this way.

According to this aspiration to strengthen the central state power, Dusan Code is one of the legislative texts of the Czech, Polish and Hungarian rulers, who at that time took a similar attitude towards their great nobleman. According to this basic tendency, it can be said that Dusan Code is indeed the constitution of the then feudal Serbian state.


File:Dušanov zakonik, prizrenski rukopis.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

Dusan Code.pdf Dusan Code.pdf
Size : 167.297 Kb
Type : pdf
Dusanov Zakonik.pdf Dusanov Zakonik.pdf
Size : 726.559 Kb
Type : pdf

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13490920 – Dušan 1C.

Emperor Stefan Dušan regulates in great detail the rights and obligations of Dubrovnik merchants and other issues in mutual relations.

Copy in city book of privileges (cca 1450).

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Codex Ragusinus, 77–78.

 

  • Condition: Outer sides of pages partially torn off an severely stained.



 

Serbian Royal Documents at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13490920 – Dušan 2.

20 September 1349, Novo Brdo

Emperor Stefan Dušan, upon demand by Venetian and Dubrovnik envoys, orders that the collection of customs dues at Trebinje should be stopped.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 1001.

 

  • Sigillant: Emperor Stefan Dušan
  • Seal: Golden (gilded) seal on a red chord running through four holes.Emperor Stefan Dušan
  • Material: Paper
  • Dimensions: 220–225 x 210 mm, folded plica
  • Condition: Large part of text on left side torn off. Other smaller holes.


Emperor Stefan Uros V Nemanjic (1355-1371).

Serbian Royal Documents at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13570425 – car Uroš 2B.

25 April 1357

Emperor Stefan Uroš grants to the citizens of Dubrovnik lands from Ljuta to Kurilo (copy).  

Copy in city book of privileges (cca 1450).

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Codex Ragusinus, 27.

 

  • Condition: Only one page with the last several lines preserved.


King Vukasin Mrnjavcevic (1365-1371).

Serbian Royal Documents at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13700405 – Vukašin.

5 April 1370, Makedonski Brod ("Brod u Poreču" in document).

King Vukašin confirms to the citizens of Dubrovnik privileges given to them by emperor Dušan and other previous Serbian rulers.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 1020.

 

  • Sigillant: King Vukašin
  • Seal: Pendant wax seal of natural color on a red chord running through four holes.King Vukašin
  • Material: Paper, folded
  • Dimensions: 415 x 305 mm
  • Condition: Small holes and stains.


Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic (1371-1389)


The Clothing of Prince Lazar the ceremonial uniform in which the relics of Prince Lazar were transferred 2 years after the Battle of Kosovo so in 1391, only to be moved again during the Migration of Serbs and later during the WW2 under the threat of the then NDH to Belgrade.

The fate of the dress also reflects the fate of the Serbian people, it was moved and was in immediate danger several times during their history.

Now it is in the Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Belgrade.


 

 

 

 

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13880831 – Lazar.

before 31 August 1388

Prince Lazar writes to the Dubrovnik authorities to pay the monks from the Jerusalem monastery those installments of tribute that they owe them.  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Prilozi arhivskim serijama IVa, 17.


  • Sigillant: Prince Lazar
  • Seal: On reverse, impressed wax seal of natural color. Prince Lazar
  • Material: Paper
  • Dimensions: 164 x 205–215 mm


Nobleman Vuk Brankovic (1371-1395).

Serbian Royal Document at the State Archives in Dubrovnik (1186-1479) 13870120 – Branković Vuk A

20 January 1387, Priština

Vuk Branković, following the example of his lord prince Lazar, sets out the rights and obligations of Dubrovnik citizens and regulates other issues in mutual relations (original).  

Original.

Current repository: 
Državni arhiv u Dubrovniku, Beč 1029.


  • Sigillant: Vuk Branković
  • Seal: Pendant wax seal colored dark-brown, cracked, on a red chord running through four holes.Vuk Branković
  • Material: Paper
  • Dimensions: 450 x 300 mm
  • Condition: Several stains.


 

Copyright © 2019